International Border Current Affairs
Union Home Ministry has released more than Rs. 113 crore to six border states under Border Area Development Programme (BADP) as part of its plan to ameliorate the problems of people living in isolated locations. These six states are Assam, Nagaland, Sikkim, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.
Till now, Home Ministry has released total of Rs. 637.98 crore during 2018-19 period to states having International Border. The funds released are in addition to the Rs. 1,100-crore released in 2017-18 for the all-round development of villages located along International Border in 17 states. India shares land border with seven neighbouring countries viz. Bangladesh (4,096 km), China (3,488 km), Pakistan (3,323 km), Nepal (1,751 km), Myanmar (1,643 km), Bhutan (699 km) and Afghanistan (106km in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir).
Border Area Development Programme (BADP)
The umbrella BADP scheme is being implemented by Union Home Ministry in 367 border blocks of 104 border districts in 17 states. Its objective is to meet special developmental needs and well-being of people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near international border areas. It also seeks to saturate border areas with entire essential infrastructure through convergence of Union, state, BADP, local schemes and participatory approach.
Sub-schemes under it include construction of primary health centres (PHCs), connectivity, schools, supply of drinking water, community centres, drainage to enable sustainable living in border areas. It also covers schemes or activities relating to skill development programmes, promotion of sports activities in border areas, promotion of rural tourism, border tourism, protection of heritage sites, Swachhta Abhiyan, construction of helipads in remote and inaccessible hilly areas, which do not have road connectivity.
Skill development training to farmers for use of modern and scientific techniques in agriculture, organic farming is also part of BADP now. As many as 61 model villages are being developed under BADP to improve the quality of life for people living near border areas. A total of Rs 13,400 crore so far have been released since BADP programme was initiated in 1986-87.
The Union Home Ministry has formed study group to examine various problems faced by people residing near International Border (IB) and Line of Control (LOC) in Jammu and Kashmir in wake of regular ceasefire violations by Pakistan. It will be headed by Rina Mitra, Special Secretary in Home Ministry.
Composition of study group
Its members are principal secretary (Home) in J&K Government, divisional commissioner of Jammu and divisional commissioner of Srinagar. Joint secretary (J&K) in Home Ministry is member-secretary of group.
Terms of References
The group will meet people living in border areas of Jammu & Kashmir, district administration officials, security forces deployed there and local public representatives and submit its report within two months. It will prepare a detailed report of issues being faced by public living near IB and LOC and submit recommendations for remedial action to be taken to address these issues.
India shares a 3,323 km long border with Pakistan of which 221 km is IB and 740 km is LOC in Jammu & Kashmir. In recent times, there has been sharp increase in ceasefire violations by Pakistan. Till August 2017 there were 285 violations by Pakistani forces while the number was 228 for entire 2016 year.