International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace Current Affairs - 2020

April 24: International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace

Every year April 24 is marked as the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace. It was first observed on April 24, 2019.

Highlights

The day is marked by the United Nations. It aims to preserve values of international cooperation and multilateralism, based on which the UN Charter and 2030 Sustainable Development Goals are framed. Also, the day is marked to promote and support three pillars of the United Nations. They are peace and security, human rights and development.

Background

United Nations was established in 1945 after second world war based on one central mission, which is international peace and security.

2020

This year, the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace considers COVID-19 as the biggest challenge since the world war. This year the day is being marked to spread the importance of multilateralism to win over the combat against COVID-19. This is to be achieved by identifying common opportunities of the countries.

First International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace observed on April 24

First official ‘International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace’ was observed by United Nations (UN) on April 24, 2019. It was aimed at disseminating advantages of multilateralism and diplomacy for peace by educational and public awareness-raising activities. On this occasion, UN General Assembly convened one day high level plenary meeting to commemorate and promote day.

BACKGROUND

On 12 December, 2018 UN General Assembly (UNGA) officially proclaimed resolution A/RES/73/127 to observe 24 April ever year as International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace.

Preserving values of multilateralism and international cooperation supports UN Charter and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDGs) and is fundamental in promoting and supporting 3 pillars of UN – Peace and Security, Development and Human Rights.

It reaffirms UN Charter and its principles of resolving disputes among countries by peaceful means and acknowledges use of multilateral decision-making and diplomacy in achieving peaceful resolutions to conflicts among nations.