International Day of Rural Women Current Affairs - 2020

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October 15: International Day of Rural Women

The International Day of Rural Women is commemorated every year by the United Nations. It was first passed under a resolution in 2007. The role of rural women is important to fulfil the vision of SDG – Sustainable Development Goals. The 3 main goals namely ending poverty and hunger, empower women and girls, achieve food security can be achieved only by improving the role of rural women in every aspect of global development

Theme: Rural Women and girls building climate resilience

Significance

Rural women play a major role in food security, agriculture, land and resource management, nutrition and domestic care work. One in three rural women are employed in agriculture. They are at the front battle lines when natural resource and agriculture are threatened. This is mainly because, around 80% of households without piped water all over the world till today rely on women to collect water.

On the International Day of Rural Women, the UN Women Community along with other organizations are drawing attention towards implementation of following commitments

  • UN Framework Convention on Climate Change – Gender Action Plan
  • Call for actions to support capacities of rural women towards climate change through agricultural production and food security.

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International Day of Rural Women: October 15

The International Day of Rural Women is observed every year on October 15 to recognize the crucial role and contribution of rural women. The 2018 theme of the day was “Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls”.

The observance of day highlights role and contribution of rural women, including indigenous women in enhancing rural and agricultural development, eradicating rural poverty and improving food security and ensuring sustainability of rural households and communities, improving rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing.

Background

The International Day of Rural Women was instituted by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 62/136 in December 2007. It was first observed on15 October 2008. According to UN, empowerment of rural women is pre-requisite for fulfilling vision of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) which aims at ending poverty and hunger, achieve food security and empower all women and girls.

Rural women, make up over a quarter of the total world population. Majority of them depend on natural resources and agriculture for their livelihood.  They produce, prepare and process much of the food available, thereby giving them primary responsibility for food security. Thus, International Day of Rural Women recognises contribution and significant role played by these rural women in food security and poverty elevation.

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