International Days Current Affairs - 2020

5 September: International Day of Charity observed

The International Day of Charity is observed every year on September 5 across the world. It aims to recognise role of charity in alleviating human ‎suffering within and among nations. It also seeks to raise awareness and provide common platform for charity related activities for charitable, philanthropic and volunteer organizations and individuals all over the world for their own purposes on national, regional and international level.

Background

The International Day of Charity was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting resolution A/RES/67/105PDF on 17 December 2012. Why September 5? It is death anniversary of Mother Teresa. It was celebrated for first time in 2013. On this day, UN invites all Member States, international and regional organizations, as well as civil society to commemorate this day for encouraging charity, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.

22 August: International Day for Victims of Acts of Violence based on Religion or Belief

On 22 August 2019 for the first time the world is observing ‘International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief’ with aim to honour victims and survivors of heinous acts who often remain forgotten. The international Day comes right after International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, which is observed on 21 August.

Background

Following an unprecedented rise of violence against religious communities and people belonging to religious minorities, United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) on 28 May 2019, adopted resolution A/RES/73/296 designating 22 August as International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief. UNGA recognized the importance of providing victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief and members of their families with appropriate support and assistance in accordance with applicable law.

Significance: By proclaiming an International Day Commemorating Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief, the UNGA recalled that States have primary responsibility to promote and protect human rights, including human rights of persons belonging to religious minorities as well as including their right to exercise their religion or belief freely.