International Labour Organisation Current Affairs - 2019
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The International Labour Organisation has released the annual World Employment and Social Outlook Trends for the year 2019. The important features of the report are:
- Unemployment rates were anticipated to fall to 4.9% in 2019 and are expected to hold steady into 2020.
- The number of jobless in real terms is estimated to rise from 172 million to 174 million in that time as the labour market expands.
- The unemployment rate increased from 5 to 5.6% between 2008-9, as the fallout of the near total collapse of major markets took hold.
- The report lamented the fact that it had taken nine years to recover from the shock of the 2007/8 global financial crisis.
- The report presents concerns about the female workforce participation rate. The much lower labour force participation of women at 48%, compared with 75% for men means that around three in five of the 3.5 billion people in the global labour force were men.
- After a period of rapid improvement that lasted until 2003, subsequent progress on closing the gender gap in participation rates had stalled.
- 2 billion of the 3.3 billion people in the global labour market worked in informal employment which put their economic security at risk.
- The poor quality of many jobs also resulted in the fact that in 2018 more than one-quarter of workers in low and middle-income countries were living in extreme or moderate poverty.
- The global unemployment among young people (between 15-24) stood at 11.8 per cent, higher than other age brackets.
- The report notes that in line with a stable aggregate unemployment rate, the outlook for men, women and young people with regard to opportunities on the job market is also very stable and further adds that neither the gender disparities nor the labour market challenges faced by young people are expected to abate in the coming year.
- Youth participation in the labour market had been declining steadily for the last 25 years and one of the main causative factors for this was more young people were entering further education.
The report also notes that around 114 million children aged between 5-14 involved in the global labour market and 73 million of them were working in hazardous conditions, according to data from 2016.
The ILO Centenary Celebrations in India were inaugurated by Union Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar at V.V. Giri National Labour Institute, Noida.
India being a founding member has played an active role in every field of the organization. India has ratified 47 out of 189 ILO conventions during the century which includes all eight core conventions.
International Labour Organisation
International Labour Organisation (ILO) is a tripartite organisation where representatives from the government, employers and employees openly debate and create labour standards. ILO is celebrating its 100th anniversary in 2019. As part of the 100th Anniversary, ILO is implementing seven centenary initiatives, which are:
The future of work initiative
The world of work is undergoing a major process of change. In order to understand and to respond effectively to these new challenges, the International Labour Organization has launched a “Future of Work initiative” in order to be able to advance its mandate for social justice.
The end to poverty initiative
The End to Poverty Centenary Initiative is designed specifically as the vehicle to take forward the ILO’s work in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The women at work initiative
The women at work initiative aim to better understand and to address, why progress on delivering on decent work for women has been so slow and what needs to be done towards securing a better future for women at work.
The green initiative
The Green Initiative aims to scale up the ILO’s knowledge, policy response and capacity to manage a just transition toward greener economies and a sustainable future.
The standards initiative
The standards initiative aims to enhance the relevance of international labour standards through a standards review mechanism and to consolidate tripartite consensus on an authoritative supervisory system.
The enterprises initiative
The enterprises initiative aims to establish a platform for ILO engagement with enterprises which would contribute to their sustainability and to ILO goals.
The governance initiative
The Governance Initiative aims to complete the reform of the ILO’s governance structures, to undertake the evaluation of the impact of the 2008 Social Justice Declaration, and act on the findings and outcomes of the evaluation.
Tags: ILO • ILO Centenary Celebrations • India • International Labour Organisation • The end to poverty initiative • The enterprises initiative • The future of work initiative • The governance initiative • The green initiative • The standards initiative • The women at work initiative • Union Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment • V.V. Giri National Labour Institute