International Labour Organization Current Affairs - 2019
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According to a recent report by International Labour Organization (ILO) titled- Working on a Warmer Planet – The Impact of Heat Stress on Labour Productivity and Decent Work, India will be the most affected country due to global warming. The major impact would be on agriculture and construction sectors of the country.
Key Highlights of Report
India will be the most affected country primarily because of its large population. Also, the costs may be higher without mitigating climate change.
Working Hours: It projects that India would lose 5.8% of working hours in 2030 due to global warming. The loss of working hours will be due to temperature being too hot to work or because workers work at a slower pace.
Productivity: In an absolute term India is expected to lose equivalent of 34 million full-time jobs in 2030 in productivity due to global warming.
Although most of global warming impact in India will be felt in agricultural sector but, increasing working hours are expected to be lost in construction sector, where heat stress affects both male and female workers.
Heat stress: is defined as generally above 35 degrees Celsius (or 95 Fahrenheit), in places with high humidity.
Based on: These projections by ILO are based on a global temperature rise of 1.5 degree Celsius by end of 21st century and labour force trends.
ILO report also noted that Ahmedabad (in Gujarat) incorporated a cool roofs initiative into its 2017 Heat Action Plan. Under it notably provided access to affordable cool roofs for city’s slum residents and for urban poor.
It was founded on 29 October 1919 with Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland
It was United Nations first specialised agency.
Mandate: to advance social justice as well as promote decent work by setting internationally accepted labour standards.
Members: 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.
Tags: 2017 Heat Action Plan • Climate Change • Global Warming • ILO • ILO Report • International Labour Organization • United Nations Specialised Agency • Working on a Warmer Planet - The Impact of Heat Stress on Labour Productivity and Decent Work
The World Day for Safety and Health at Work was observed by The International Labour Organization (ILO) on 28 April 2019. It is observed annually since 2003, as an international awareness-raising campaign to focus international attention on emerging trends in fields of occupational safety and health and on magnitude of work-related injuries, diseases and fatalities worldwide.
World Day for Safety and Health at Work
- It is an integral part of Global Strategy on Occupational Safety and Health of ILO, as documented in Conclusions of International Labour Conference in 2003.
- It aims to promote prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally.
- The World Day for Safety and Health at Work 2019 edition is Inspired by ILO’s centenary (1919-2019), and attempts to take stock of its 100 years of work in improving occupational safety and health. It also looks into future for continuing these efforts by major changes such as technology (digitalisation and ICT, platform work, automation and robotics), demographics, globalization, sustainable development including climate change and changes in work organization.
According to ILO, a national occupational safety and health culture is where-
- Employees right to safe and healthy working environment is respected throughtout levels.
- A system of defined rights, responsibilities and duties, is used by governments, employers and workers to actively participate in securing safe and healthy working environment.
- ‘Principle Of Prevention’ is accorded highest priority
International Labour Organization (ILO)
It is the only tripartite U.N. agency, established in 1919 as an agency of the League of Nations. With 187 member States, it is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
It brings together governments, employers and workers of its members to set labour standards, make policies and develop programmes which will promote decent work opportunities for all women and men. Its principal means of action is to set up International standards in form of Conventions, Recommendations and Protocol. Till date India has ratified 45 Conventions, of which 42 are in force. India is a founding member of ILO.
Note: Since 1996, 28 April is also observed as ‘International Commemoration Day for Dead and Injured Workers’ organized worldwide by trade union movement.