International Literacy Day Current Affairs

8 September: International Literacy Day

The International Literacy Day (ILD) is being observed every year on 8 September to emphasize the importance of literacy to individuals, society and communities.

The day was established in 1966 by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This year it is 51st International Literacy Day. The theme announced by UNESCO for this year is `Literacy in a digital world’.

In India to observe this day, several functions were organised by the National Literacy Mission Authority. It included distribution of Saakshar Bharat Awards to best performing States, Districts, Gram Panchayats and NGOs. Government uses occasion of ILD for raising public awareness to eradicate illiteracy and create environment in favour of adult education programmes.

Background

The UNESCO in its 14th Session in November 1966 had declared 8th September as International Literacy Day.  Since then, ILD is celebrated every year by most of the member countries. On this day, in year 1965, World Congress of Ministers of Education had met in Tehran for first time to discuss the programme of education at international level. 

The observance of ILD aims to mobilize public opinion in favour of struggle against illiteracy. It also seeks to disseminate information on literacy and raise the public awareness and the significance of literacy for individual and national development.

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08 September: International Literacy Day

The International Literacy Day is being observed 08 September every year to emphasize the importance of literacy to individuals, society and communities

This year, the world is celebrating 50th International Literacy Day. The day was established in 1966 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

2016 Theme: Reading the Past, Writing the Future‘.

In India to observe this day, several functions have been planned by the National Literacy Mission Authority. The National Literacy Mission (NLM) was initiated by the government in 1988 with the objective of eradicating illiteracy.

In 1951, when first Census was conducted after Independence, the literacy rate of country was merely 18%.  However, in the last Census held in 2011 India has achieved a literacy rate of around 73%. The present national goal is to achieve literacy rate of 80 per cent by end of 12th Plan Period.

Background

  • The UNESCO had announced September 8 as International Literacy Day on November 17, 1965 and it was first celebrated in 1966.
  • The objective of celebrating this day is to emphasize the significance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies.
  • On International Literacy Day every year, UNESCO retells the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning worldwide.

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