International Migrants Day Current Affairs - 2020

December 18: International Migrants Day

The International Migrants Day is observed by the United Nations since 1990 in order to protect the rights of the migrants. The day was adopted after the organization passed a resolution at the International Convention on the Protection of the rights of all migrant workers. According to the UN, one-seventh of the world population which is 1 billion are migrants.

The day gained wider importance after international organizations like International Organization for Migration joined to mark the day in 1997. This year’s International Migrants Day theme is

Theme: Social Cohesion, Celebrating the integration of migrants into communities around the world

International Conference of Migration

The International Conference of Migration was held in Bangkok by the International Labour Organization. Along with ILO the conference was also hosted by Chula Global Network, Institute of Asian Studies, etc. The conference was the continuation of the last year conference with the same theme

Theme: Migration and SDGs: ASEAN and Beyond-A path way to 2030 agenda

It aims to integrate institutes and organizations working on migration issues. It also aims at setting up a clear message that migration is a major issue among ASEAN countries and also globally and cannot be ignored

UN Global Compact on Migration

The United Nations Global compact on Migration is an inter-governmental pact and not a treaty. It is non-abiding under international law. It aims for safe, orderly and regular migration. It was signed in 19 December 2018. The compact makes it important for the states to frame their national migration policy. It also gives clauses that the countries should abide in order to protect the rights of the migrants.

International Migrants Day 2018 observed on 18th December

The International Migrants Day 2018 observed on 18th December 2018 across the world. In accordance with the Resolution 55/93 of the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA), the International Migrants Day is observed every year on 18 December. The Resolution 55/93 was adopted by UN on 4th December 2000.

Also, Resolution 45/158 which is a resolution on the ‘International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families’  was adopted by the UNGA on 18th December 1990.

On this day many intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in different countries disseminate information on human rights and fundamental political freedoms of migrants among the people. The design of actions for the protection of migrants and experiences of migrants are also shared with the public. Making the voice of migrants heard is the main motive of celebrating this day.

The theme of International Migrants Day 2018 is “Migration with Dignity”. The reason for  choosing this theme is that around 3,400 migrants and refugees died worldwide in 2018. The United Nations have given a call for migration that is safe, regular and dignified for everyone.

UN Secretary-General António Guterres on this day stated that Migration is a powerful driver of economic growth, that allows people to seek new opportunities. Migration benefits both the communities at the origin and destination.