International Nurse’s Day Current Affairs - 2020

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National Florence Nightingale Awards 2019

President of India, Ram Nath Kovind conferred the National Florence Nightingale Awards to 36 awardees, on 5 December 2019 on the occasion of International Nurses Day, at a ceremony in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. It was conferred in presence of Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Union Minister of State, Health & Family Welfare.

Key Highlights

Award to Late Lini Sajeesh from Kozhikode, Kerala was conferred posthumously and was received by her husband Sajeesh. The 30-year-old nurse passed away while on duty caring for a NIPAH infected patient in Kerala. The 35 other awardees who were conferred the award from President of India, included Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs), Lady Health Visitors (LHVs), and nurses, from different States and UTs.

The kindness and service of nurses form an important pillar of recovery for those who are ailing and as a acknowledgement of their immense role in society and healthcare system that World Health Organisation (WGO) has dedicated 2020 as ‘Year of Nurses and Midwives’. The year 2020 also marks the 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, after whom the awards have been named.

About National Florence Nightingale Awards

The awards were instituted in 1973 by Government of India as a mark of recognition for meritorious services rendered by nurses to the society. It is named after Florence Nightingale also known as ‘The Lady With the Lamp’. She was an English social reformer and the founder of modern nursing. Nurses play a vital role in addressing multiple health challenges, delivering quality and cost effective health care and responding to health needs of individuals, families and communities.

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International Nurse’s Day observed on May 12

International Nurses Day was observed globally on 12 May 2019. It is celebrated every year on birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the foundational philosopher of modern nursing.

About International Nurses Day

  • Background: The first proposal for Nurses Day was made in 1953, by an officer with US Department of Health, Education and Welfare Dorothy Sutherland and first proclaimed by President Dwight D Eisenhower. In 1965, it was first celebrated by the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Later, in 1974 ICN established 12 May as International Nurses Day, to be celebrated every year to highlight important role played by nurses in providing best healthcare services.
  • Aim: It is celebrated to honour, contributions made by nurses in societies around the world.
  • Organised: It is organised each year by the International Council of Nurses, which is group of more than 130 national nurses associations, with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Role played by Nurses: IND acknowledges various roles played by nurses which includes providing and managing personal care and treatment, working with families and communities, & playing a central part in public health & controlling disease & infection.
  • Theme for International Nurses Day 2019 was “Nurses – A Voice to Lead – Health for All”. This year the Nurses Day coincided with Mother’s Day.

About Florence Nightingale

  • She was a British national and born on 12 May in 1820.
  • She was a reforming spirit in nursing who organised nursing for wounded and sick soldiers, at the same time served as manager and trainer of other nurses during Crimean War in 1850s.
  • She is also known as ‘Lady with the Lamp’. Moreover, her far-sighted ideas and reforms have greatly influenced modern healthcare.

Achievements

  • She established ‘Nightingale Training School’ at St Thomas’ Hospital. It was first professional training school for nurses.
  • She established ‘School of Midwifery nursing’ at King’s College Hospital because she believed that specialist midwifery nurses are needed. This later became a model for the country.
  • She has published more than 200 books, reports and pamphlets on hospital organization and planning. These are widely read and respected even today.
  • She is credited for inventing the pie chart and later on became first woman to be elected to Royal Statistical Society (RSS).
  • In 1909, she received ‘Freedom of the City of London’ award, and became first woman to whom it was awarded.

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