International Solar Alliance Current Affairs - 2020

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Eritrea, Saint Kittis sign ISA Framework Agreement

Two new countries Eritrea and Saint Kitts and Nevis have signed the International Solar Alliance’s (ISA) Framework Agreement at the second Assembly of ISA held in New Delhi. With this the total number of countries who have so far signed the ISA framework agreement have reached to 83.

About International Solar Alliance (ISA)

The ISA is an Indian initiative which was launched by the Prime Minister of India and President of France on 30 November 2015, in Paris, France, on sidelines of COP-21.  This treaty-based inter-governmental organization is an alliance of 121 solar resource-rich sunshine countries lying fully or partially between tropic of cancer and tropic of capricorn as prospective members. The ISA is now perceived as key towards achieving 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and objectives of Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

Objectives: ISA aims to lower the cost of energy, increase investment in renewable energy, as well as train and share knowledge and technological know-how among the member countries. ISA’s overarching objective is to collectively address key common challenges to scaling up of solar energy in ISA member countries.

ISA Assembly: It is the supreme decision-making body of ISA. It gives directions on various administrative, financial and programme-related issues.

The second ISA Assembly was hosted by Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), and presided by MNRE Minister R K Singh who is also the President of ISA. Brune Poirson, the French Minister for Ecological and Inclusive Transition is the current co-president of ISA. The first ISA Assembly was held in October 2018.

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India to host second assembly of International Solar Alliance

The second assembly of International Solar Alliance (ISA) is to be hosted by India. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is hosting the event. It is to be held in New Delhi between October 30 and 31, 2019.The ISA brings together 81 nations. It offers concrete solutions to reduce the cost of solar installations in developing countries.

Highlights

  • Coordination and Consultation meetings on different aspects of the ISA programmes are conducted
  • The Assembly will be co-chaired by French Deputy Minister Brune Porison along with Union Minister of State for New and Renewable energy Raj Kumar Singh
  • Over 400 delegates are expected to attend the event from member states and observer states.

ISA

  • The ISA assembly is the highest decision making body. It gives directions on financial and administrative issues
  • So far, 81 countries of 121 members have signed the Framework Agreement of the ISA. OF these, 58 have ratified the agreement.

ISA First Assembly

  • The first Assembly of ISA was attended by 78 countries. They recognized that ISA has major role in achieving SDG (Sustainable Development Goal).
  • Since its inception, 1000 MW of solar power and 300,000 solar water pumps have been aggregated from the member countries.

ISA operations

  • ISA sent country missions to 8 countries-Togo, Uganda, Niger, Mali, Malawi, Guinea, Congo and Benin to understand the challenges and issues in the path of ISA programmes
  • India has been providing full support to the alliance since its inception. GoI has allotted 5 acres of land to ISA. It has released a sum of Rs 160 crore for building infrastructure.

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