International Current Affairs

Nobel Peace Prize 2017 awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

Norwegian Nobel Committee has selected Geneva-based International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), a coalition of non-governmental organisations from over 100 countries around globe for 2017 Nobel Peace Prize.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee honoured ICAN for its decade-long campaign to get rid the world of atomic bomb and for its work to draw attention to catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and its ground-breaking efforts to achieve treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.

International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)

ICAN is a global civil society coalition of 468 partner organizations from 101 countries working to promote adherence to and full implementation of Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. It is a leading civil society actor which has taken efforts to achieve a world without nuclear weapons. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.

ICAN’s mission is to shift disarmament debate to focus on humanitarian threat posed by nuclear weapons, draw attention to their unique destructive capacity, their catastrophic health and environmental consequences, debilitating impact of detonation on medical infrastructure and relief measures and long-lasting effects of radiation on surrounding area.

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28 September: World Rabies Day

The World Rabies Day is observed every year on 28 September across the world to raise awareness about rabies disease and its preventable measures. The 2017 theme is ‘Rabies: Zero by 30’.

Observance of the day seeks to raise awareness about the impact of rabies on animals and human beings. It also seeks to share information on how to prevent disease and highlight progress in defeating this horrifying disease.

Background

The World Rabies Day is an initiative of Global Alliance for Rabies Control. Observance of the day was initiated in 2007 to create a global opportunity for people to focus on rabies prevention. The day is annually on 28 September to mark death anniversary of Louis Pasteur, a French chemist and microbiologist who had developed the first rabies vaccine along with his colleagues.

Rabies

Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of brain (acute encephalitis) in warm-blooded animals. It is zoonotic disease i.e. transmitted from one species to another, commonly by bite from infected animal such as dogs to humans. The rabies virus infects central nervous system (CNS) and ultimately causes disease in brain and death. Domestic dogs are most common reservoir of rabies virus. Dog-mediated rabies accounts for more than 95% of human deaths.

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