International Current Affairs

21 September: International Day of Peace

The International Day of Peace is observed across the world on 21 September to acknowledge efforts of those who have strived to end conflict and promote peace. This day is also observed as a day of ceasefire.

The theme for this year is “Together for Peace: Respect, Safety and Dignity for All”. It honours spirit of TOGETHER, a global initiative that promotes respect, safety and dignity for everyone forced to flee their homes in search of a better life. This year observance of the day focuses on engaging and mobilizing people throughout world to show support for refugees and migrants.

Background

The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting resolution 36/67. It was observed in September 1982. This day coincides with its opening session of UNGA which usually held annually on the third Tuesday of September. In 2001, UNGA had unanimously voted to adopted resolution for established 21 September as an annual day of non-violence and cease-fire.

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New ASEAN Cyber Drill Kicks Off in Vietnam

The ASEAN Computer Emergency Response Team Incident Drill (ACID) was recently held in Hanoi, Danang, and Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. This year it was 12th year of drills as part of subregion’s response to growing cyber challenges witnessed in recent years.

ACID’s objective is to test and enhance incident response as well as broader cooperation and coordination among ASEAN CERTS as well as some of their key dialogue partners. It involves ten members of ASEAN as well as five dialogue partners – Australia, China, India, Japan, and South Korea.

Key Facts

The purpose of drill was to manage challenges in cyber realm focused on areas like incident response, confidence-building, and cyber capacity-building. These realms ranged from cybersecurity working group within ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus to new ASEAN Cyber Capacity Program introduced in 2016 by Singapore.

The focus of this iteration was on dangers of insufficient authentication and poor access. It also focused on reinforcing coordination among actors as well as boosting skills in areas such as investigating incidents and analyzing malicious codes. In 2016, ACID had focused on several areas including Ransomware and cyber forensics, in line with ongoing efforts to ensure that CERTS are up to date with current challenges in cyber realm.

ASEAN

ASEAN is a regional organisation that aims to promote intergovernmental cooperation and economic integration amongst its members. It consists of 10-member countries- Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. It came into existence on August 8, 1967, after ASEAN declaration (also known as Bangkok Declaration). It

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