IOR Current Affairs - 2019

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Indian Navy hosts Maritime Information Sharing Workshop 2019

The Indian Navy is hosting a Maritime Information Sharing Workshop 2019 edition under the aegis of the Information Fusion Centre-Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) at Gurugram, Harayana. The two-day event was inaugurated by Vice Admiral MS Pawar, Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff in 12 June 2019.

Key Highlights

Participants: More than 41 delegates from 29 countries of Indian Ocean Region (IOR) and beyond participated in the workshop.

During the MISW 2019 event Deputy Chief of Naval Staff stressed the need for greater maritime collaboration and for developing bonds based on trust between partner countries in IOR. He also requested delegates to participate actively in MISW.

Several talks regarding contemporary maritime challenges in Indo-Pacific region and highlighting significance of maritime domain as well as the challenges faced by region were held at the event.

Purpose: In course of 2 days, the MISW aims to acquaint all participants about IFC-IOR and its information sharing mechanisms. It also aims to promote sharing of best practices in this field so as to yield better response to myriad security and safety challenges that IOR faces.

Issues undertaken: participants would look into issues such as piracy, maritime terrorism, humanitarian assistance & disaster relief, human & drug trafficking as well as legal perspective of combating these challenges.

The delegates would also participate in an information sharing exercise scheduled on 13 June 2019. This is to practice and validate some of the concepts and procedures that have been evolved during workshop.

About Information Fusion Centre Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)

Background: It was launched on 22 December 2018 by then Honourable Raksha Mantri Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, at Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) Gurugram, Haryana.

Objective: The aim was to work closely with multi-national constructs and other information fusion centres so as to further maritime security and safety in Indian Ocean Region.

Need: With over 75% of world’s maritime trade and 50% of global oil consumption passing through Indian Ocean Region, the region is vital to world trade and economic prosperity of many nations.

Mandate: It works towards capability building in IOR, coordinating in time incident response and disaster relief, and also sharing submarine safety information.

So far the centre has established linkages with more than 16 countries and 13 international maritime security agencies.

Month: Categories: Defence & SecurityUPSC

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 Indian Navy deploys P81 to increase Anti-Piracy Patrol

The Indian Navy recently deployed its P8I surveillance planes for carrying out anti-piracy patrol sorties from Salalah (in Oman) to patrol the Gulf of Aden and other piracy prone areas.

Key Highlights

  • Objective: The deployment is an expansion of Navy’s Mission Based Deployments (MBD) in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), to keep the region safe.
  • Background: Since 2008, India has been conducting anti-piracy patrols in the commercially and strategically crucial Gulf of Aden. This is the second time in 2019 that the P-8I was operated from Salalah for anti-piracy. First time it was operated in January 2019.
  • Services: Indian Navy provides escorting services to Indian flagged vessels as well as provides protection to ships of other countries. Till date Indian Navy has deployed 73 ships on anti-piracy patrols and has escorted over 3,440 ships, out of which 3,027 were of foreign flag and 413 were of Indian flag. Also, no ship under Indian escort has so far been hijacked by pirates.

About P-8I

  • Background: In 2012, India placed orders from United States for 12 ‘P-8’ India maritime surveillance and anti-submarine under a $2.2 Billion deal. The deal was later followed up with four more order of these planes.
  • Function: It is used for carrying out extensive surveillance of the Indian Ocean region (IOR) and the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).
  • Features
  • It is long-range anti-submarine warfare, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft capable of broad-area, maritime and littoral operations.
  • It is capable of providing a long-range Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA).
  • It has also helped in detection of Chinese nuclear and conventional submarines operating in IOR and other regions close to India.

About Mission Based Deployments

With the increasing geo-strategic importance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) Indian Navy regularly deploys ships for Presence and Surveillance Missions (PSM), off critical choke points or sea lanes in IOR. Under MBD concept, since August 2017 Indian Navy deployments in IOR have been further structured such as that Navy maintains a ship at every choke point in IOR at any point of time.

Way Forward

  • India has stepped up its cooperation with Indian Ocean littoral states and maritime neighbours, as part of expanding its maritime engagement. Also, ‘search and rescue’ operations and capability-enhancement activities have also emerged as key areas.
  • Under India’s Neighbourhood First policy, Navy undertakes various maritime exercises such as Joint Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) surveillance exercise with Mauritius, Seychelles and Maldives Coordinated Patrols (CORPAT) exercise with Indonesia, Myanmar Thailand and Bangladesh.

Month: Categories: Defence & SecurityUPSC

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