IPCCC Current Affairs - 2020

UN Climate Summit concludes

The longest climate talks in the history of United Nations that was held in Madrid, Spain, ended on December 15, 2019. The climate summit ended without crucial agreement on carbon market rules of the Paris Agreement.

Highlights

The key issues that was aimed to get resolved at the summit was the regulation of carbon market. Carbon market puts prices on carbon dioxide emission. However, no conclusion was reached and the issue is to be taken at the next summit to be held at Glasgow in 2020. The summit failed to reach an agreement on the implementation of Article 6 of Paris Agreement.

The United Nations Environment Programme released its Emission Gap Report at the summit. Also, the report of Global Carbon Project was tabled at the summit.

The Presidency of the summit, Chile (though summit was held at Madrid, Spain), launched the Climate Ambition Alliance.

Article 6 of Paris Agreement

The article 6 aims at promoting approaches to implement the NDC (Nationally Determined Contributions) through voluntary international cooperation. It also establishes a trading system where in the countries with low emission are allowed to sell their exceeding allowance to countries with larger emissions.

Issue

Last year at the COP24, countries US, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Russia refused to welcome the IPCC 1.5C report. This year majority of the members are not willing to reduce their emissions at the pace suggested by the conference. According to World Resources Institute NDC tracker, only 80 countries have so far submitted proposals to enhance their NDCs. These countries are primarily small and developing. They represent only 10.5% of the world population.

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November 5: World Tsunami Awareness Day

On November 5th, every year the World Tsunami Day is marked by the United Nations. UN designated the day in 2015. The day will promote Target (d) of the Sendai Seven Campaign that focuses in reducing disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services.

Global Actions

  • After 3 weeks of the deadly December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, international community came together in Kobe, Japan and adopted the 10-year Hyogo Framework for Action. IT was the first comprehensive global agreement on disaster risk reduction
  • Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System was created to monitor sea level and disseminate alerts to national Tsunami information centres.

In Honor of a Japanese

The date was chosen in honor of a Japanese farmer. The name of the story is popularly known as “Inamura-no-hi” meaning “burning of the rice sheaves”. During 1854, the farmer saw a tide receding. Understanding the sign of looming Tsunami, he set fire to his entire harvest to warn the villagers. Later he also built an embankment and planted trees as a buffer against the future waves.

Significance

  • The UN calls on countries, international bodies to observe the day to raise awareness and share innovative approaches to risk reduction
  • By the end of 2030, around 50% of World Population living in coastal areas are to get exposed to storms, tsunamis and flooding.
  • Investment towards early warning systems, resilient infrastructure and education is important to save people and their assets.

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