Iran Current Affairs

Kowsar: Iran unveils first domestically manufactured fighter jet

Iran has unveiled first domestically manufactured fighter jet nicknamed Kowsar. It was unveiled at defence show held in the capital city of Tehran.

Kowsar

It is fourth-generation fighter with advanced avionics and multi-purpose radar. It was 100% indigenously made in Iran. Its name Kowsar means river in paradise in Islam and also title of chapter in Koran. It is dual-cockpit, single engine jet with single tail fin.

It resembles US-made F-5F Tiger (first flew in 1974), which is variant of 1950s-era US Northrop F-5 fighter that is a long-time mainstay of Iranian Air Force. It can be used for short aerial support missions. It is equipped with systems that promote precision targeting.

Background

Iran’s functional air force has been limited to perhaps as few as few dozen strike aircraft either Russian or ageing US models including F-5s that were acquired before 1979 Iranian revolution. Iran has unveiled several new fighter jets in last few years. In 2013, it had unveiled domestically built fighter jet  Qahar-313, which was compared to US F-22 and F-35.

Month: Categories: Defence Current Affairs 2018

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US announces creation of Iran Action Group to pressurise Iran

United States (US) State Department has announced creation of Iran Action Group (IAG) to execute President Donald Trump administration’s Iran strategy and pressure country to change its behaviors.  Its creation comes in wake of US withdrawal (unilaterally) from Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (also known nuclear deal) signed between Iran and P5+1 countries (P5: China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States and +1: Germany,) and European Union in Vienna (Austria) in July 2015.

Iran Action Group (IAG)

IAG will be responsible for directing, reviewing, and coordinating all aspects of State Department’s Iran-related activity, and it will report directly to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. It will ensure that Department of State remains closely synchronized with interagency partners and lead US diplomatic efforts to galvanize international support for our efforts. Veteran diplomat Brian Hook (current director of Policy Planning in State Department) was appointed head of IAG and will lead it with formal title of Special Representative for Iran.

Background

US had unilaterally withdrawn from historic 2015 Iran nuclear deal, citing it unfair and it cannot prevent Iran nuclear bomb and is defective at its core as it does not target Iran’s ballistic missile programme, its nuclear activities beyond year 2025, and its subversive political and military involvement in Syria, Yemen, Lebanon, and Iraq. It also simultaneously announced to re-impose sanctions on Iran that had been lifted under nuclear deal to squeeze Iran’s economy and, consequently, its regime in order to change its policies. Following pullout from JCPOA, US had rolled out new strategy on Iran, outlining 12-point requirements for Iran to change its behaviors. In August 2018, uS re-imposed sanctions on Iran on non-energy areas and notified that it will slap remaining sanctions in November 2018 that concentrate on Iran’s key economic areas such as energy, shipping and ports.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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