IRDAI Current Affairs - 2019
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The GoI will merge 3 public Sector Insurance Companies as announced in budget 2019-20. The merger includes United India Insurance Limited, National Insurance Co Limited and Oriental Insurance Company Limited.
- The Budget 2019-2020 did not make provision of funds for insurers and the Department of Financial Services. Therefore, the government institutions in the financial sector are forced to seek supplementary demands to fulfil their purposes. The Budget allocated Rs 12,000 crore for this.
- The General Insurance Companies have sought Rs 500 crore to Rs 3000 crore each to avoid falling below solvency ratio. However, the three companies that are to be merged are struggling to maintain minimum solvency ratio of 1.5
Laws on solvency Ratio
According to the Guidelines of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India, an insurance company has to compulsorily maintain a minimum solvency ratio of 1.5.
The solvency ratio is calculated by dividing company’s tax net operating income by its total debt obligation. The ratio indicates if the enterprise is able to meet its debt obligations. The lower the ratio, the greater is its probability to default its debt obligations.
Tags: Budget 2019 • Finance Ministry • Insurance • IRDAI • Mergers and Acquisition
The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) set up Suresh Mathur Committee to review regulatory framework on micro insurance, and to recommend measures to increase demand for such products. It was formed because of less than desired offtake of micro insurance products despite of their inherent benefits in the country. India was seen to be an exciting market and a pioneer in micro insurance sector in world, but its market penetration remains low.
Suresh Mathur Committee
- Composition: It is a 13-member panel chaired by IRDAI’s Executive Director Suresh Mathur, and comprises of representatives from IRDAI, life, general and health insurance companies in public and private sectors and NGOs.
- Its task is to suggest product designs with customer-friendly underwriting, such as easy premium payment methods and simple claims settlement procedures.
- It will suggest about if there is any change in distribution structure, including mobile-based and technology driven solutions and on creating effective awareness programmes.
- Their recommendations are to submitted within three month time frame.
- IRDAI created a special category of insurance policies called micro-insurance policies (a General or Life Insurance policy with a sum assured of Rs 50,000 or less) to promote insurance coverage among economically vulnerable sections of society. The micro-insurance is defined and enabled by IRDAI Micro-insurance Regulations, 2005.
- General Micro-Insurance product is a Health insurance contract that covers belongings like Hut, Livestock, tools or instruments or any personal accident contract and is either on an individual or group basis.
- Life Micro-Insurance product is a term insurance contract with or without return of premium, any endowment insurance contract or health insurance contract. It with or without an accident benefits rider and is either on an individual or group basis. There is flexibility in regulations for insurers.
- Micro- Insurance Business is done by intermediaries such as Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and Self-Help Groups (SHGs).
- Micro insurance Benefits- They are specifically intended for protection of low-income people, with affordable insurance products, and micro insurance promises to support sustainable livelihoods of poor.