Irrigation Current Affairs
Odisha Government has launched Saura Jalnidhi scheme to encourage use of solar energy in irrigation by farmers. Under this scheme, farmers will be given 90% subsidy and 5,000 solar pumps. This will provide irrigation benefits in 2,500 acres of the state. The beneficiary of this scheme will be farmers who have valid farmer identity cards and have minimum 0.5 acres of agricultural land.
Saura Jalnidhi scheme
The scheme was launched as part of state government’s endeavor to increase the use of solar photovoltaic pump sets in those areas so that irrigation facilities can be provided where power system is bad. For this scheme, state government has made a provision of Rs 27.18 crore in the financial year 2017-18.
In the first phase, this scheme will be available in those areas where electricity is not available for running the pump set. This scheme will generate 1.52 lakh human day employments annually and provided livelihood to around 5,000 families and also reduce carbon footprints.
Under this scheme, farmers will be provided with a well-equipped solar pump irrigation system in convergence mode. It will help to reduce burden of input cost on farmers and also increase agricultural income. It will promote the use of green energy and reduce pollution.
Union Government has signed $375 million loan agreement with Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project. The project will contribute to double farming incomes in Madhya Pradesh by expanding irrigation networks and system efficiency.
Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project
It will develop 125,000 hectares of new, highly efficient and climate resilient irrigation networks. It will also improve water use efficiency in more than 400 villages and benefit over 800,000 people in the state. It will also support institutional innovations through introduction of design-build-operate contracting approach. It will also help farmers to adopt micro-irrigated agriculture including high-value crops. The ADB funds will be used to develop a large-scale pressurized and automated irrigation system for boosting irrigation efficiency.
It focuses on two large irrigation systems
- Kundalia irrigation project: It will develop 125,000 ha of new and highly efficient and climate resilient irrigation networks. The work that will be undertaken includes building two large pumping stations pumping water to distribution chambers where water will be distributed through a network of buried pipes to farm outlets.
- Sanjay Sarovar Irrigation Project: Under it comprehensive modernization feasibility study will be prepared and other preparatory work for soundly designed project.
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
ADB is a regional development bank based out of Asia. It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia by achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty.
It was established in December 1966. It is headquartered at Ortigas Centre in Manila, Philippines. ADB’s main objective is to assist its members and partners, by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.
It has total 67 members, of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside. ADB has been modelled closely on the lines World Bank. It has similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with members’ capital subscriptions.