ISRO Current Affairs - 2020

ISRO signs Memorandum of Understanding

The Indian Space Research Organization recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Aryabhata Research Institute of Observational Science (ARIES), Nainital.

Highlights

The ISRO and ARIES signed the MoU on the cooperation in the filed of Space Situational Awareness and Astrophysics. The space situation awareness includes Space object tracking, space orbit analysis and space weather studies. The main objective of the MoU is to protect the Indian space assets from space debris threats. The MoU also aims at solar sciences, R&D of Astrophysics and space environment.

ISRO has signed similar agreement earlier with University of Texas, USA and Austin.

India’s perspective on Space Situation Awareness

According to India, space assets play major role in a country’s power and prestige. The number of objects in space is increasing day by day. Today there are more than 19,432 objects in orbit. Out of these only 2,216 are active satellites.

Under the Space Situation Awareness, India is focusing on debris tracking, collision avoidance, satellite anomaly detection, monitoring threats from space weather station, prediction of threats from asteroids and meteorites.

Tianwen 1: China’s first Mars Exploration Mission

On April 24, 2020, the Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) named its first Mars Exploration mission as Tianwen 1. The CNSA also announced that henceforth all the planetary missions are to be named as Tianwen series.

Highlights

The announcement comes on April 24 as China has been celebrating its National Space Day on April 24 since 2016.

National Space Day of China

China celebrates its Space Day to mark the launch of its first satellite Dongfanghong-1.

Tianwen

Tianwen means Heavenly Questions. The Chinese Mars mission includes orbiting, landing and roving on the planet mars. Earlier in 2011, China attempted to send its exploratory probe called Yinghuo-I in a Russian spacecraft. However, the spacecraft was declared lost after it burnt during its re-entry.

World Mars Missions

So far countries such as India, Russia, European Union and United States have succeeded in sending missions to Mars. India’s mars mission was named “Mangalyaan”. It was launched in 2013 by ISRO. India was the fourth country in the world to reach Mars after Russia, USA and European Union.