ITBP Current Affairs - 2020

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58th Raising Day of Indo-Tibetan Border Police

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) celebrated its 58th raising day on 24th October, 2019. The function was held at Greater Noida and was attended by Union Minister of state Home Kishan Reddy.

ITBP

The ITBP is one of the seven Central armed forces that was raised on October 24, 1962 under the CRPF act. They were formed in the wake of Sino-Indian war in 1962. On the whole there are 56 service battalion and specialist battalions that constitute ITBP.

Current Status

Today, the ITBP is deployed in guarding duties. They guard the Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh. This covers over 3,488 km in the delicate and porous Indo-china border. They are also manning border outposts on altitudes ranging between 9,000 and 18,700 feet in the Western, Easter and Southern sectors of Indo-China border.

ITBP is a specialized mountain force. Most of the officers in the unit are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers. They are the first responders of natural disasters. They carry out numerous rescue operations and relief operations across the country.

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ITBP DG S S Deswal given charge of NSG

ITBP Director General S S Deswal was given additional charge of counter-terror force National Security Guard (NSG). He will take over from incumbent NSG DG Sudeep Lakhtakia who is set to retire on 31st July 2018.S S Deswal is 1984-batch Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of Telangana cadre.

About National Security Guard (NSG)

  • It was established in 1984, to protect states against internal disturbances and terrorism. It is under administrative control of Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • It is Federal Contingency World Class Zero Error Force. It deals with anti-terrorist activities in all its forms.
  • It is not categorised under Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and has Special Forces mandate. Its core operational capability is provided by Special Action Group (SAG) which is drawn from Indian Army. The post NSG DG is occupied by an IPS officer.
  • Functions: It is trained to conduct counter terrorist operations including bomb disposal, counter hijacking tasks on land/sea/air as well as Post Blast Investigation (PBI) and Hostage Rescue missions. It is intended for use only in exceptional situations and do not take over functions of other Para Military Forces or State Police Forces. Its police component Special Rangers Group (SRG) is mandated to handle VIP security and is composed of personnel on deputation from other CAPF.
  • Why Black Cats? NSG personnel also called Black Cats due to their black dress and black cat insignia worn by them on their uniform.
  • Achievement: 26/11, Operation Black Tornado , Operation Ashwamedh, akshardham attack.

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