ITU Current Affairs - 2020

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BIS celebrates World Standards Day

The members of IEC, ITU and ISO celebrated the World Standards Day on October 14. The day is celebrated to pay tribute to the experts all over the world who develop voluntary technical agreements that are published as International Standards

The Day celebrates the achievements of following organizations

  • ASME – American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • ISO – International Organization for Standardization
  • IEC – International Electro technical Commission.
  • ITU – International Telecommunication Union
  • IETF – International Engineering Task Force
  • IEEE – International Electrical and Electronics Engineers

India

In India the World Standard Day was celebrated by BIS under the

Theme: Video Standards create a global stage

The theme is important as mobile phones, IT and other electronic devices boosted video production and is estimated that by 2020 80% of internet traffic will be consumed by video streaming data.

History

The day is marked as the World Standards Day since 1946. It was resolved when the delegates from 25 countries gathered in London to create an international organization that focus on facilitating standardization.

Significance

The idea is to set standardization at international level. This helps to travel efficiently.

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17 May: World Telecommunication and Information Society Day observed

On 17 May, World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD) was celebrated throughout the world. The year 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of WTISD.

About WTISD

  • Background: The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day was first observed on 17 May since 1969. The day marks the establishment of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and also the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865 in Paris. Since 1969 it is being celebrated every year.
  • Objective: It seeks to help raise awareness about possibilities which can be brought to societies and economies with the use of Internet and other information and communication technologies (ICT). It also promotes awareness about using ICT to explore ways to bridge digital divide.

About WTISD 2019

  • This year’s theme was: ‘Bridging the standardization gap’.
  • 2019 theme will allow International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Members and other stakeholders to focus on opportunities:
  1. To promote implementation of international standards in developing countries.
  2. To Increase participation of developing countries in ITU’s standards-making process.
  3. To empower local experts in standardization process at national, regional and international levels.

About ITU

  • ITU was established in 1865 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Function: It is the specialized agency of United Nations (UN) for issues concerning information and communication technologies (ICTs). The fundamental pillar of ITU’s mission is setting standards. ITU standards also help accelerate ICTs for all Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
  • It is a member of United Nations Development Group (UNDP).
  • Members: 193 countries and about 800 sector members including academic institutions and private sector entities has membership of ITU.
  • India: Since 1869 India is an active member of ITU. It became a regular member of ITU Council in 1952. In November 2018, India was reelected as a ITU Council’s Member for another 4-year term beginning 2019 to 2022.

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