Jains Current Affairs - 2019
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Renowned Filmmaker from Manipur Aribam Syam Sharma has decided to return his 2006 Padma Shri award in protest against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016.
Why the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 has become controversial?
The citizenship amendment bill 2016 aims to amend the Citizenship Act of 1955. The controversial features of the bill are
- The bill allows the Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan to apply for Indian citizenship.
- The bill relaxes the 11-year cutoff to six years out of 14, for immigrants of the six religions from the three countries.
The bill is criticised for being communal as it grants citizenship on the basis of religion. It is also argued that the bill is against the basic structure of the constitution as the Supreme Court has upheld secularism as a basic structure of the constitution. It is said that the bill also violates Article 14 which promotes equality.
Why the heat against the bill is more in North East?
The issue of illegal immigrants is a sensitive issue in the North-East. Often the states have witnessed clashes and communal riots due to tensions between immigrants and the locals.
The bill is aimed at providing citizenship to illegal immigrants. The North-Eastern states share borders with Bangladesh. It is said that due to porous borders between India and Bangladesh, lakhs of illegal immigrants have crossed over to India and are majorly concentrated in these northeastern states.
The North-Eastern States have often witnessed protests seeking identification of these illegal immigrants and deporting them. Assam Accord and National Registry of Citizens were aimed at curbing the menace of the illegal immigrants.
The people of North East fear that if the bill is implemented their struggle for years would be undermined and there would be a heavy Social, Economical and political burden on the North-East.
Tags: Aribam Syam Sharma • Assam Accord • Buddhists • Christians • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2016 • Communalism • Hindus • Jains • Manipur • National Registry of citizens • North East • Padma Shri award • Parsis • secularism • Sikhs
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed in Lok Sabha. The protests have erupted in Assam against the passage of the bill. The people of Assam fear that the amendment bill undermines the Assam Accord of 1985.
Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to amend the citizenship Act, 1955. The features of the amendment bill are:
- The bill aims to grant Indian citizenship to all persecuted religious minorities like Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Parsis from three neighbouring countries of Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
- The bill is applicable to all states and union territories of the country and the beneficiaries of the can reside in any part of the country.
- The bill when passed would provide a big relief to the persecuted migrants who have come through western borders of the country to States like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and other states.
As per the reports, the government would set the cut off date at December 31, 2014, to provide citizenship to persecuted religious minorities.
Addressing the concerns against the Bill
The Union Home Minister provided the following assurance to allay fears about the bill:
- The burden of the persecuted migrants will be shared by the entire country and not by Assam alone.
- The Union Home Minister also assured full support for the state governments in the implementation of the bill.
Protestors led by Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti (KMSS) in Assam have imposed an economic blockade and have said that they would not allow locally produced oil, petroleum products, coal, forest products and limestone to be taken out of the state.
Tags: Afghanistan • Assam Accord • Bangladesh • Buddhists • Christians • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 • Citizenship Act 1955 • Hindus • Jains • Pakistan • Parsis • persecuted religious minorities • Sikhs