Jaipur Current Affairs - 2020

Pink City-Jaipur receives World Heritage Certificate from UNESCO

On February 5, 2020, the Pink City of Rajasthan, Jaipur, received World Heritage Certificate from the UNESCO. The UNESCO Director General Audrey Azoulay visited India to present the certificate.

Highlights

The World Heritage Certificate was presented to Jaipur for the efforts of the people of the pink city towards preserving its cultural heritage. Jaipur’s Parkota has been listed in the World Heritage sites of UNESCO.

Intelligence Heritage Promotion Project

The Project is being implemented by UNESCO in 10 cities of Rajasthan, It includes Barmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, etc.

Why Jaipur?

Jaipur is known for its palaces, architecture, forts. The architecture in the city reflected inclusion of Mughal, Persian and Hindu designs. In order to preserve this cultural mixture of the city, UNESCO and the Rajasthan Tourism Department have signed an agreement.

Selection Criteria

The World Heritage Sites are selected on the basis of four natural criteria and six cultural criteria. They are as follows

  • The site should represent human creativity
  • It should reflect interchange of human values.
  • It should bear unique testimony to cultural tradition
  • An example for a particular type of architecture
  • An example for human settlement, their sea-use and land-use
  • It should represent biological or ecological evolution
  • An example to represent major stages of earth’s history.
  • To exhibit natural beauty
  • It should b e directly related to the traditions of living people

Jaipur listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Walled City of Jaipur, known for its iconic architectural legacy and vibrant culture, made an official entry into UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site list.

The decision was taken at 43rd session of UNESCO World Heritage Committee, underway in Azerbaijan from June 20 up to July 10. During this session, in addition to Jaipur, Committee examined 36 nominations for inscription on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

About Jaipur

Founded: It was founded in 1727 CE under the patronage of Maharaj Sawai Jai Singh II. It serves as capital city of culturally-rich state of Rajasthan.

Why Selected?

The Pink City Jaipur was nominated for its value of being an exemplary development in architecture and town planning that demonstrates an amalgamation and important exchange of ideas in late medieval period.

The city shows an interchange of ancient Hindu, Mughal and contemporary Western ideas in town planning that resulted in the form of city.

It is also a unique example of late medieval trade town in South Asia which defined new concepts for a thriving trade and commercial hub.

It is also associated with living traditions in form of crafts that have national as well as international recognition.

Significance: Being listed on world map as World Heritage site will give a boost to state’s tourism and local economy will benefit along with improving infrastructure.

About World Heritage Committee

It is composed of representatives of 21 States Parties to World Heritage Convention.

The representatives meet annually and the committee is in charge of implementing the Convention.

As of date total 1092 sites in 167 countries have been inscribed on UNSECO’s World Heritage List.