Jal Jeevan Mission Current Affairs - 2020

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Cabinet approves Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved on implementing the phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission. The phase II of the mission will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus.


The budget allocated for phase II of the mission is Rs 52,497 crores. The mission in this phase is to converge with Jal Jeevan Mission and MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act).

Apart from the focus maintaining the status of Open Defecation Free, the mission also aims to provide rural employment. It is to be monitored under 4 key areas namely bio-degradable solid waste management, plastic  waste management, fecal sludge management and greywater management.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Jal Jeevan Mission was launched in August 2019. The mission aims to provide tap water to all the households by 2024. It also focuses on desilting minor irrigation tanks and using grey water for agriculture.

Financial Assistance

An incentive of Rs 12,000 is to be provided for the construction of individual household toilet. An additional financial assistance of Rs 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs is to be provided for Gram Panchayats to construct Community managed Sanitary Complexes.

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Budget 2020: Wellness, Water and Sanitation

On February 1, 2020, the Finance Minister presented the Budget for the financial year 2020-21. The GoI gives utmost importance to health sector. The GoI under the Budget 2020-21 aims to provide wellness, water and sanitation by allocating funds for following schemes.

Ayushman Bharat

Under PMJAY, there are more than 20,000 empaneled hospitals in the country. More such hospitals are to be empaneled in Tier II and Tier III cities. Under the scheme, the budget allocates viability gap funding in PPP mode. In Phase I, the 112 aspirational districts are to be covered. Out of these, the districts without empaneled hospitals are to be given priority.

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence are to be implemented in the Ayushman Bharat Scheme. With the help of these technologies, the health authorities can target diseases on an appropriately designed preventive regime.

TB Harega Desh Jeetega

The campaign was launched to fight Tuberculosis and eliminate the disease from the country by 2025. The budget allocates funds to strengthen the campaign and realize the target.

Jan Aushadi Jendra Scheme

The scheme is to be expanded to all districts. The aim is to make 2000 medicine and 300 surgical equipment available in all districts. This is to be realized by 2024.


The Health Sector has been allocated 69,000 crores. This includes the 6,400 crores of rupees allocated for PMJAY.


Swachh Bharat Mission-FUND ALLOCATION

The GoI is committed to Open Defecation Free India (ODF). It is currently implementing ODF+ that aims to sustain ODF. The GoI now under the Budget aims to work towards Liquid and Grey water management. It will also focus towards solid waste collection, source segregation and processing. The Budget has allocated 12,300 crores of rupees for the Swachh Bharat Mission.


Jal Jeevan Mission-FUND ALLOCATION

The mission aims to provide clean piped drinking water to all households. The GoI has already approved 3.6 lakh crore rupees for the mission.

The mission also aims at augmenting local water resources, recharging existing sources and promotes desalination and water harvesting.

The budget aims to encourage cities to implement the mission in the current year by allocating fund of 11,500 crores.

Other Schemes

The other schemes that were given importance by the Budget are as follows

  • Mission Indra Dhanush covers 12 diseases. The scheme was intensified by the GoI including 5 new vaccines.
  • Fit India Movement fights against non-communicable diseases that arises due to lifestyle issues
  • The Health vision of the GoI is also supported by the Jal Jeevan Mission and Swachh Bharat Mission

(The Fund Allocation for the above schemes were not mentioned in the Budget)

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