Jallianwala Bagh massacre Current Affairs - 2020

101st anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre marked

The Government of India marked the anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on April 13, 2020. The martyrs killed on the day mercilessly are remembered. PM Modi and other leaders paid tribute to such great martyrs

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

On April 13, 2020, (Baisakhi Day), at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, a peaceful meeting was held by 150,000 to 200,000 people. General Dyer ordered to open fire at the crowd that killed thousands. The people gathered at the park to protest against Rowlatt Act silently.

General Dyer was honoured by the British Parliament for the massacre. This troubled several leaders including Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore and marked the start of liberation struggle.

Rowlatt Act

The act empowered the British Government to imprison any person under suspicion of terror for a maximum of 2 years. A panel was set up for speedy trials with 3 high court judges. There were no court of appeal above the panel. The act also placed severe restrictions on press.

120th birth anniversary of Shaheed Udham Singh being celebrated

Nation is paying homage to great revolutionary, Shaheed Udham Singh, a well-known freedom fighter from Punjab  on his 120th birth anniversary being celebrated on 26 December 2019. He was born on this day in 1899 in Sangrur district of Punjab. He belonged to Ghadar party and was best known for avenging the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by assassinating Michael O’ Dwyer.

About Shaheed Udham Singh

He was present in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar on the fateful Baisakhi festival (festival of harvest) on 13 April 1919, where about 20,000 unarmed men, women and children gathered and General Dyer arrived with his troops, sealed the only exit to park and opened fire without any warning on unarmed crowd. Many people lost their lives in horrific massacre.

He made his way to England arrived there in 1933 to execute Michael O’Dwyer, who was then governor of Punjab responsible for brutal Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He opened fire at Michael O’Dwyer in Caxton Hall in London, killing him on spot in March 1940. Udham Singh was then hanged four months later at Pentonville Prison and his mortal remains were handed over to India in 1974.