Jammu Current Affairs - 2019

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GSI Sets Up 22 GPS Stations across Country

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has launched 22 permanent global positioning system (GPS) stations across India to identify seismically hazardous zones and encourage mapping activities.

These 22 stations are part of the 35 stations planned by GSI to establish and maintain a network of continuously operating 35 permanent GPS stations.

Fact Box: Bhuvisamvad

Bhuvisamvad is an app launched by the Ministry of Mines to facilitate interaction between geo-scientists and university and college students.

GPS stations

22 stations inaugurated are based at Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Jaipur, Pune, Dehradun, Chennai, Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Gandhinagar Vishakhapatnam, Agartala, Itanagar, Mangan, Jammu, Lucknow, Nagpur, Shillong and Little Andaman.

13 More Stations Would come up at Aizawl, Faridabad, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, Cooch Behar, Zawar, North Andaman, Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Ranchi, Mangalore, Imphal and Chitradurga.

These stations are meant to delineate high strain zones for earthquake probability, determine a seismic motion on faults that may lead to a rupture and produce thematic maps with high positional accuracy.

Geological Survey of India

Geological Survey of India (GSI) was established in 1851 primarily to find coal deposits for the Railways. Over the years GSI  has not only grown into a repository of geoscience information required in various fields in the country but has also attained the status of a geo-scientific organisation of international repute.

The main functions of GSI attached to the Ministry of Mines is to create and update of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment through ground surveys, airborne and marine surveys, mineral prospecting and investigations, multi-disciplinary geoscientific, geotechnical, geo-environmental and natural hazards studies, glaciology, seismotectonic study, and carrying out fundamental research.

Ladakh declared as third administrative division of J and K

The Jammu and Kashmir government ordered the creation of a separate administrative division for Ladakh region. It is hailed as a landmark decision by the governor ruled state under President Rule.

Fact Box

The State of Jammu and Kashmir had two administrative divisions of Jammu and Kashmir earlier. Ladakh would be the third administrative division.

Ladakh Administrative Division

The Ladakh Administrative Division would comprise of Leh and Kargil districts and would be headquartered in Leh. The Ladakh region was earlier part of the Kashmir division.

To facilitate the functioning of the Ladakh Administrative Division a divisional commissioner and an inspector general of police would be appointed.

A committee under the chairmanship of Principal Secretary to government has been formed to identify the posts of divisional level heads of various departments that may be required for the new division; particularly their staffing pattern, roles and responsibilities and proposed location of these offices.

The local governance in Kargil and Leh was taken care of by the hill development councils. The remoteness and geographical isolation of the Leh had resulted in the region remained cut off for the developmental activities. The administrative division is expected to fasten the pace of the development.