Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2020

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Jammu Kashmir Statehood to be restored soon

On March 15, 2020, at a political delegation Home Minister Amit Shah announced that statehood of Jammu and Kashmir is to be restored.

Highlights

While resuming statehood of the state, the GoI is to release people from detention, relax curfew and restore internet. Also, an industrial policy is to be created soon for rapid industrial development of the territory. This is the first political delegation that is being held after the Abrogation of Article 370.

How is a Union Territory different from state?

The concept of Union Territory was not under the original version of the Constitution. It was added under the 7th amendment of the Constitution. Unlike states that have their own governments, Union Territories are governed directly by the Central Government.

The President of the executive head of Union Territory and Governor is the constitutional head of the state. States have autonomous powers over state subjects and union territories do not have such powers.

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Facts Box: Delimitation Commission set up for Arunachal, Manipur, Assam, J&K, Manipur

A Delimitation Commission was formed under former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai.

Highlights

The Delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir is to be carried out according to Jammu and Kashmir reorganization act. The previous delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir was done in 1995. The state was under President’s rule when the last delimitation was done.

For other parts of the country, delimitation is to be done based on the census 2031. The previous delimitation for rest of India was done based on 2001.

Legislation

The delimitation commission was formed under Section 3 of Delimitation Act, 2002. So far, 4 such delimitation commissions have been constituted under the act. They were in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation is the process of fixing boundaries of constituency. The Delimitation had been suspended between 1976 and 2001. This was because GoI was implementing the policy of family planning in a full-fledged way during this period.

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