Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2020

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Chilai-Kalan: 40-day period of extreme cold begins in Kashmir

The traditional 40-day period of harshest winter in Kashmir known in the local parlance as ‘Chillai-Kalan’ began on 21 December 2019, with the upper reaches of valley receiving snowfall. Chillai-Kalan period which is known for sub-zero temperatures, frozen lakes and river, will end on 31 January 2020.

About ‘Chillai-Kalan’

These 40 days are when the chances of snowfall are highest and the maximum temperature drops considerably. During Chillai-Kalan, the weather in Kashmir valley continues to remain dry and cold with minimum temperatures hovering below freezing point and the snow during this 40-day period freezes and lasts longer.

Even after Chillai-Kalan ends, the cold wave, however, continues even after that. Therefore Chillai-Kalan is followed by  a 20-day-long period called ‘Chillai-Khurd’ (small cold) that occurs between January 31 and February 19 and a 10-day-long period ‘Chillai-Bachha’ (baby cold) which is from February 20 to March 2.

MSME Minister launches ‘Khadi Rumal’ stitched by militancy affected women of J&K

Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Nitin Gadkari launched the sale of ‘Khadi Rumal’ stitched by militancy affected women of Nagrota town of Jammu and Kashmir. The aim is to provide employment to the women in the terrorist affected areas as  well as create employment opportunities for militancy affected families of J&K.

Key Highlights

Iin 2016, Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) started a napkin stitching centre at Nagrota for the families of militancy-affected areas in Valley, with a view that if people living in rural areas are provided job opportunities then they would not need leave their homes in search of jobs.

In the initial phase a ‘Rumal’ costs Rs.50, and the plan is to do production of 5 crores such Rumals. Currently, the turnover of village industries in India is Rs.75000 crore and by March 2020, the aim is to increase this turover by Rs.1,00,000 crore.

At the event, Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) also signed an agreement with Paytm to facilitate the sale of 2 crore pieces of Rumals through their portal. MSME Ministry also annnouced 50% increase in remuneration of women workers to Rs 3 per piece from Rs 2 per piece presently.