Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2020

IMD includes PoK and Gilgit-Baltistan

The Indian Meteorological Department has begun to include Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, Ladakh and Muzaffarabad into its meteorological sub-division of Jammu and Kashmir.


The change has reflected in the daily forecast of north west India. The weather forecast will be given for the entire sub-division of Jammu and Kashmir and not for specific areas.


The change reflects the changed status of Ladakh. It also comes with underlying message to the Pakistan Government. The change comes after Pakistan Government decided to hold elections in Gilgit-Baltistan.

On April 30, the apex court of Pakistan allowed to set up a caretaker government in the Gilgit-Baltistan region and conduct provincial assembly elections.

Current Scenario

In 2009, the then Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari aimed to empower the people of Gilgit-Baltistan region. Hence, he passed a self-governance order for the region. According to the order, the region has a legislative assembly that implements self-rule in the region.

The population of Gilgit-Baltistan region wants to get integrated with Pakistan. However, the Pakistan government claims that integrating Gilgit-Baltistan would jeopardize the demands of the country for the whole of Kashmir.


The province Gilgit-Baltistan is governed by unicameral legislature with a legislative assembly. The Chief Minister represents the people at the assemble. The region also has a governor.

Ruhdaar: Low Cost Mechanical Ventilator developed by IIT Bombay

Students from IIT Bombay, Islamic University of Science and Technology, NIT Srinagar have come together to invent a low-cost ventilator called “Ruhdaar”.

About Ruhdaar

The cost of production of one ventilator is Rs 10,000. The design was initiated by the first-year student of IIT Bombay from Kashmir. He began to design the ventilator after learning that his home, the Kashmir Valley had only 97 ventilators in all.

Measures by GoI

In order to increase the number of ventilators in the country, the Government of India has been implementing two-pronged approach. One is to increase domestic production of ventilators and the other is to search for supplies from different parts of the world. The latter option is challenging as ventilators are of high demand in every country.

The Central Government has also identified nine manufactures in the country and has placed order of 59,000 units.


The COVID-19 infection curve has begun to flatten and the outbreak is under control. According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, around 80% of the Indian population infected with COVID-19 are experiencing mild illness, 15% will need oxygen support and only 5% will need ventilators. Though the numbers seem less, the demand may increase as India currently consists of only 40,000 ventilators according to Health Ministry. Therefore, it is essential to invent new models and become self-sufficient in ventilators.