Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019
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The draft return policy for the return of the militants is under the consideration of the government of Jammu and Kashmir.
Key Components of the Policy
- The draft policy aims to address the need for rehabilitation at a policy level through a two-pronged approach: reformative measures and opportunities of livelihood.
- The draft policy includes a provision for a monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 for a militant who surrenders with a view to encourage the militants to join the mainstream.
- Jobs, reformative measures, and a monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 are the key points of a new reintegration policy draft that is under the consideration of the J&K government.
The draft policy under the consideration of the government is the revised version of earlier initiatives but with a renewed focus on socio-economic re-integration. The policy will not cover militants found to have been involved in heinous crimes.
2004 Rehabilitation Policy
- The 20004 rehabilitation policy sought to provide “facility to those terrorists who undergo a change of heart and eschew the path of violence and who also accept the integrity of India and Indian Constitution to encourage them to join the mainstream and lead a normal life.
- The policy made provisions provide vocational training for militants who surrender if they wished to pursue a trade and a monthly stipend of Rs 2,000 for the first three years.
- Establishment of counselling centres “where all the returnees along with their wives and children would be lodged for a period of three months or for such longer time as would be necessary.
But these counselling centres were never established. The policy was successful in motivating militants to return.
2010 Rehabilitation Policy
The 2010 rehabilitation policy focused on facilitating the return of ex-militants from J&K who had crossed over between January 1989 and December 2009 for training but later gave up insurgent activities due to a change of heart and are willing, to return to the state.
The Central Government has banned the Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir) for a period of 5 years due to the outfit’s ‘close touch’ with the militants. The decision of banning the outfit was taken to avoid escalation of the secessionist movement in J&K.
- Jamaat-e-Islami is a socio-political and religious organisation founded in 1945 by Islamic theologian and socio-political philosopher Abul Ala Maududi.
- After the partition, the organization broke into two groups, Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan and Jamaat-e-Islami Hind.
- Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir) is a drift away organisation of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. The drift was due to the difference in political ideology.
- Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir) showed pro-Pakistan leaning when militancy was rising in J&K.
- Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir) was also the founder members of Hurriyat (Separatist) Conference but later distanced from even though it maintained the separatist stand on Kashmir.
The Ministry of Home Affairs has issued a notification of ban on Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. The notification mentions that “The Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir), has been indulging in activities, which are prejudicial to internal security and public order, and have the potential of disrupting the unity and integrity of the country. Hence in regard to the activities of the JeI, it is necessary to declare the JeI to be an unlawful association with immediate effect.”
Tags: Abul Ala Maududi • Hurriyat (Separatist) Conference • Jamaat-e-Islami (Jammu and Kashmir) • Jamaat-e-Islami Hind • Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan • Jammu and Kashmir • secessionist movement • Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act