Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019

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18th Kargil Vijay Diwas observed

The 18th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas was celebrated across India to commemorate the success of Operation Vijay and remember brave sacrifice of Indian soldiers during the 1999 India-Pakistan Kargil War.

India-Pakistan Kargil War

The war took place between May and July of 1999 in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kargil district. It began with the infiltration of both Pakistani troops and terrorists deep inside Indian territory in strategic positions that overlooked the only road link between Srinagar and Leh.

The conflict is believed to have been orchestrated by the then Pakistan army chief General Pervez Musharraf without the knowledge of the then Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Based on information from local shepherds, Indian Army was able to ascertain the points of incursion and launch “Operation Vijay”.

The Army declared the mission successful on July 26, 1999. Since then the day has been celebrated annually as Vijay Diwas. The victory came at a high price. The official death toll on the Indian side was 527, while that on the Pakistani side was between 357 and 453.

Union Cabinet approves draft bills to replace GST ordinances for J&K

The Union Cabinet approved promulgation of the Central Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu & Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017 and Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu & Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017.

Both ordinances replace Ordinance by the Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017 and Ordinance by the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017 respectively.

The ordinances extend the provisions of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 referred to as (CGST Act) and Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 referred to as (IGST Act) to Jammu & Kashmir to complete rolling out GST regime the Himalayan State.

Background

The Central government earlier had promulgated ordinances to make the Central GST and Integrated GST (IGST), which deals with inter-state commerce, applicable to all states. However, provisions of these Central laws were not applicable to J&K unlike the rest of India, as the state is having a special constitutional status. Under this different procedure, President Pranab Mukherjee had promulgated two ordinances regarding the introduction of the GST in J&K.