Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019
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Jammu and Kashmir Government has launched Jhelum-Tawi flood recovery project to give push to the reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure post-2014 floods in the state.
The project which is funded World Bank was formally launched Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti in Srinagar.
- The project was conceptualised and pursued by former Chief Minister Mufti Muhammad Sayeed in the aftermath of devastating floods of 2014 in the state.
- It aims at reconstructing and recovering support in flood-affected areas in which public infrastructure and livelihoods were impacted severely.
- It will focus on 20 flood-affected districts in state. As a follow up the Union Government and World Bank had signed a $250 million credit agreement for the project.
- The loan was provided by International Development Association, the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm. It has maturity of 25 years, including a 5 year grace period.
In September 2014, continuous unprecedented heavy rainfall had caused Jhelum, Chenab and Tawi rivers and their tributaries to flow above the danger mark. These overflowing rivers had flooded the catchment areas, particularly low lying ones for more than two weeks. It had severely affected livelihoods and had damaged the basic infrastructure in the state.
According to the data given by the Registrar General of India (RGI), Jammu and Kashmir has the highest life expectancy (i.e. post-60 life expectancy), except life expectancy at birth.
With this, Jammu and Kashmir has surpassed Kerala which used to be the leader in life expectancy in almost all categories of age till 2010.
What is data about?
- RGI’s Sample Registration System (SRS) had published state level life expectancy data prepared following surveys done between 2010 and 2014.
- The data was released for different ages: 0 (at birth), 1, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70. It had defined life expectancy as estimate of average number of additional years that a person of a given age can expect to live.
- However this statistical system was confined only to 21 bigger states and UTs and it did not produce life expectancy numbers on 15 small states and UTs such as Arunachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep.
- The data shows that Kerala still has the highest overall life expectancy at birth at 74.9 years. It is 72 for men and 77.8 for women.
- Delhi is second, with an overall life expectancy at birth at 73.2 years. It is 72 for men and 74.7 for women.
- Jammu and Kashmir stands at third and it had the second-highest life expectancy at birth. It is behind only Kerala even during 2006-10.