Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Government is planning to fast-track four projects in Indus river basin to increase irrigation area in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) by nearly 2.05 lakh acres.
This decision was taken after India had decided to exploit to the maximum the water of Pakistan-controlled rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab as per Indus Water Treaty (IWT).
Three projects Prakachik Khows Canal in Kargil, Tral Irrigation Project in Pulwama and restoration and modernisation of main Ravi Canal in Jammu’s Sambha and Kathua are expected to be completed by this fiscal. The fourth project of Rajpora Lift Irrigation is planned will be completed by December 2019.
While the first three projects will help irrigate around 1.45 lakh acres of land, the Rajpora Lift Irrigation is expected to help irrigat around 59,305 acres of land. The funds for these projects will be raised by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
These projects are part of the Union Government’s efforts to irrigate larger swaths across the country by completing small and medium 99 irrigation projects under ambitious Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKYS). Besides, earlier in September 2016, Union Government had decided to review the 56-year-old IWT in the aftermath of the Uri attack, asserting that “blood and water cannot flow together.”
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY): It was launched by the Union Government with an aim to enhance physical access to water on farm. It also seeks to expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc through major and minor irrigation projects.
Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP): It was launched in 1996-97 to provide central assistance to major and minor irrigation projects in the country. It main objective is to accelerate implementation of such major and minor irrigation projects. Since its inception, 143 projects have been completed under AIBP.
The Union Cabinet has approved the establishment and operationalisation of Indian Institute of Management (IIM) at Jammu.
It will become operational from the Academic Year 2016-17 at the transit or temporary campus at Old Government College of Engineering & Technology.
- For the initial four years from 2016 to 2020, the IIM will function in the temporary campus.
- The student strength intake in Post Graduate Diploma Programme (PGDP) in Management for year 2016-17 will be 54. It will be progressively increased to 120 in 4th year.
- Meanwhile, steps will also be taken up for setting up campus at Jammu and an out-campus in Kashmir region.
- The Detailed Project Report under preparation for the permanent campuses and the process for setting up of the campuses would start after it.
The Union Cabinet also approved formation of an IIM Jammu Society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. IIM Jammu will be run and managed by the Society with a Board of Governors (BOGs) to be constituted by the Central Government. BOGs will administer the Institute and would be responsible for establishment and operationalisation of the Institute.
It was announced as part of Prime Minister’s development package for Jammu & Kashmir. The IMM coupled with opening of IIT at Jammu, NIT Srinagar and two new AIIMS institutions, one each in Jammu region and Kashmir region will help in meeting the requirement of high quality living and education in Jammu & Kashmir.
- IIM are the country’s premier institutions imparting best quality education in management. At present, there are total nineteen IIMs.
- Out of these, thirteen IIMs are located at Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Indore, Lucknow, Raipur, Kozhikode, Rohtak, Ranchi, Shillong, Kashipur, Trichy, Udaipur.
- New six IIMs were started in 2015 and they are located at Amritsar, Nagpur, Sirmaur, Sambalpur, Bodhgaya and Vishakhapatnam.