Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: Delimitation Commission set up for Arunachal, Manipur, Assam, J&K, Manipur

A Delimitation Commission was formed under former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai.

Highlights

The Delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir is to be carried out according to Jammu and Kashmir reorganization act. The previous delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir was done in 1995. The state was under President’s rule when the last delimitation was done.

For other parts of the country, delimitation is to be done based on the census 2031. The previous delimitation for rest of India was done based on 2001.

Legislation

The delimitation commission was formed under Section 3 of Delimitation Act, 2002. So far, 4 such delimitation commissions have been constituted under the act. They were in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation is the process of fixing boundaries of constituency. The Delimitation had been suspended between 1976 and 2001. This was because GoI was implementing the policy of family planning in a full-fledged way during this period.

Pakistan Test Fires 600 km range Ra’ad II missile successfully

On February 19, 2020, Pakistan test fired 600 km range Ra’ad II missile successfully on land and at sea. The missile range has been upgraded from 550km in 2017 to 600km. It is important for India to closely monitor such advances as New Delhi is roughly 430km from Lahore.

Highlights

The first Ra’ad II missile was unveiled in an annual parade in Pakistan in 2017. Ra’ad I had a range of 35km. The changes have been made significantly in the tail part of the missile. Ra’ad I had twin tail and was bigger in size. The recently test fired Ra’ad II had “X” configuration.

So far, the Ra’ad missiles of Pakistan are being carried by Mirage II fighter jets. Indian experts believe that Ra’ad II is Pakistan’s answer to Nirbhay cruise missile.

Nirbhay Cruise Missile

It is an all-weather missile that was designed and developed in India by DRDO (Defence Research Development Organization). So far, India has completed six developmental trials of the missile. The next test is to happen in April 2020.