Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019

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Governor’s rule imposed in Jammu and Kashmir

Governor’s rule has been imposed in the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

It was imposed after President Pranab Mukherjee approved the recommendation of J&K Governor N. N. Vohra as there is deadlock in the State over formation of a new government after state assembly election.

Earlier, Governor had submitted a report to the President, after caretaker Chief Minister Omar Abdullah had resigned.

Background

Jammu Kashmir State assembly election held in December 2014 had given hung verdict as no party has majority to form government in State.

In this election, Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has emerged as the single largest party with 28 seats in the 87 members House. While Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) has emerged second largest party winning 25 seats. But both parties failed to get the magic figure of 44 to form a government.

Other parties like National Conference (NC) have 15 MLAs while Indian National Congress (INC) has 12 MLA’s.

What is Governor Rule in Jammu & Kashmir?

  • In case of failure of constitutional machinery in any other state of India, the President’s Rule is imposed under Article 356 of the Constitution.
  • But in case of J&K, as per Section 92 of state Constitution, the Governor’s Rule can be imposed in the state for a period of six months only after the consent of the President of India in case of failure of constitutional machinery. During the Governors rule, State Assembly is either suspended or dissolved.
  • If the Constitutional machinery is not restored before the expiry of this six month period, the provision of Article 356 of the Constitution of India are extended to J&K and the President’s rule is imposed in the State.
  • It should be noted that, Governors rule has been imposed in the state for the 6 time since 1977.

Valley: Floods, Destruction and Infiltration attempts

Lt Gen Subrata Saha, the General Officer Commanding of Srinagar-based 15 Corps, Indian Army has expressed concerns over the number of infiltration attempts being carried on by more than 200 militants who are waiting for opportunity to cross into the Indian border. These militants the officer said are heavily armed and are taking advantage of the flood situation to sneak into the valley.
He stated that despite the loss to Army due to floods which had inundated more than 50% of cantonment area, the security cover and grid was never let lose or lessen. This had to be maintained looking at the increased activity of the intruders. He praised the foolproof and robust counter-terrorism and counter insurgency grid owing to which Army has had many successes in dealing with intruders. The recent killing of a top militant commander Umar Bhat is because of the alertness and preparedness of our defense structures. The Gen said that army had played a vital and critical role in rescuing thousands of people and taking them to safer places, providing food and medicines to others in time of the worst floods to have hit the valley. “We had to first save the people who were caught in the farthest points. We adopted a logical sequence of evacuation and first helped the people who were at a greater risk.”
He said the incidents of stone-pelting on the relief teams were totally planned by some anti-social elements as most of the youth who were involved came from unaffected areas.