Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019
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President Ram Nath Kovind has approved the appointment of former finance secretary Hasmukh Adhia as the chancellor of Gujarat Central University. He will hold the post for a period of five years.
Hasmukh Adhia was a Gujarat cadre IAS officer and was appointed as the secretary in the Department of Financial Services after then Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi took charge as the Prime Minister in 2014.
Central Universities were established in India under the Central Universities Act 2009. The Act provided for the establishment of one new central university each in Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
The act also sought to convert Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyala in Chhattisgarh, Harisingh Gour Vishwavidhalaya in Sagar (Madhya Pradesh) and Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand into Central universities.
The Central Universities were established by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development to address regional imbalances in higher educational facilities in states and 16 states were identified for the establishment of central universities.
Further, through the Central universities Amendment Act 2014 another central university was established at Bihar and another Central University was established in Andhra Pradesh in 2018.
Tags: Andhra Pradesh • Bihar • Central Universities Act 2009 • Chhattisgarh • Gujarat • Gujarat Central University • Haryana • Hasmukh Adhia • Himachal Pradesh • Jammu and Kashmir • Jharkhand • Karnataka • Kerala • Madhya Pradesh • Ministry of Human Resource and Development • Odisha • Punjab • Rajasthan • Tamil Nadu • Uttarakhand
The draft return policy for the return of the militants is under the consideration of the government of Jammu and Kashmir.
Key Components of the Policy
- The draft policy aims to address the need for rehabilitation at a policy level through a two-pronged approach: reformative measures and opportunities of livelihood.
- The draft policy includes a provision for a monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 for a militant who surrenders with a view to encourage the militants to join the mainstream.
- Jobs, reformative measures, and a monthly stipend of Rs 6,000 are the key points of a new reintegration policy draft that is under the consideration of the J&K government.
The draft policy under the consideration of the government is the revised version of earlier initiatives but with a renewed focus on socio-economic re-integration. The policy will not cover militants found to have been involved in heinous crimes.
2004 Rehabilitation Policy
- The 20004 rehabilitation policy sought to provide “facility to those terrorists who undergo a change of heart and eschew the path of violence and who also accept the integrity of India and Indian Constitution to encourage them to join the mainstream and lead a normal life.
- The policy made provisions provide vocational training for militants who surrender if they wished to pursue a trade and a monthly stipend of Rs 2,000 for the first three years.
- Establishment of counselling centres “where all the returnees along with their wives and children would be lodged for a period of three months or for such longer time as would be necessary.
But these counselling centres were never established. The policy was successful in motivating militants to return.
2010 Rehabilitation Policy
The 2010 rehabilitation policy focused on facilitating the return of ex-militants from J&K who had crossed over between January 1989 and December 2009 for training but later gave up insurgent activities due to a change of heart and are willing, to return to the state.