Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs
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The state of Jammu and Kashmir has come under President’s rule from 20th December 2018 as Governor’s rule in the state completed its six months. It implies that now all the policy decisions related to Jammu and Kashmir will be taken by the Union Cabinet.
The state faced a political crisis when 25-member BJP withdrew its support from Mehbooba Mufti-led coalition government, reducing it to a minority government in the state. Thereafter, the Governor’s rule was imposed in the state.
In the case of Jammu and Kashmir, which has a separate Constitution, six months of Governor’s rule is mandatory before President’s rule under Article 92 of its Constitution. All the legislative powers are exercised by the Governor in case of Governor’s rule.
Now, after the proclamation for the President’s rule has been made, the legislative powers of the state shall be exercised under the authority of Parliament. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers will aid and advise the president regarding the decisions related to the state.
About President’s Rule:
- Under Article 356 of the Indian Constitution,the Union government can take over the affairs of the state government when state government is unable to function according to the constitutional provisions. This is called as President’s rule in the state.
- President’s Rule in a state can continue for 6 months.
- It can be extended, with the approval of both the houses done every 6 months, for a maximum of 3 years
For President’s rule to continue over a year every 6 months following conditions should be met: 1. There should already be a National emergency across the country, or in the whole or any part of the state. 2. The Election Commission of India should certify that the conduct of elections is not possible in the concerned state.
On December 15, 2018, the foundation stone of Institute of High-Altitude Medicinal Plants (IHAMP) was laid by Union Ministers Jitendra Singh and Shripad Yesso Naik (Ayush Ministry).
Location & Functions
The Institute of High-Altitude Medicinal Plants will be located in Bhaderwah in Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir. It will provide research in medicinal plants and promote cultivation of medicinal plants. The institute will also provide employment and promote medicinal plant in foreign market.
The estimated cost of the construction of Institute of High-Altitude Medicinal Plants is Rs 100 crore.
Focus on Research
Institute of High-Altitude Medicinal Plants will be a pioneer in research on medicinal plants. It will help the farmers in cultivation of medicinal plants in a scientific manner. Training and capacity-building in the field of medicinal plants will also generate employment opportunity for youth in the region.