Japan Current Affairs - 2020

Former bureaucrat NK Singh selected for Japan’s highest civilian award

Former bureaucrat and parliamentarian Nand Kishore Singh has been selected for prestigious ‘Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver’, Japan’s highest civilian award.

He was chosen for this prestigious award for promoting economic, educational and cultural ties between India and Japan.

He is among 91 foreign recipients to be honoured during the 2016 Spring Imperial Decoration of Japan by Emperor Akihito during the investiture ceremony in May 2016.

About Nand Kishore Singh

  • N K Singh is a politician, economist and former Indian Administrative Service officer (IAS) from Bihar cadre.
  • He had served as a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha (2008-2014) from Bihar.
  • As a bureaucrat, he had served as Member Planning Commission and handled assignments of Union Expenditure and Revenue Secretary and Additional Secretary Economic Affairs.
  • He was also Principal Secretary to Prime Minister A.B. Vajpayee. He was also connected with International organisations like World Bank, IMF and UNDP.
  • He also had served as the former Chairman, Board of Governors of Management Development Institute (MDI), Gurgaon.

About Order of the Rising Sun

It is a Japanese Government highest civilian established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji. It is conferred in recognition of distinguished accomplishments of an individual. The modern version of the order is being given to non-Japanese recipients from 1981.

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Japan’s first stealth fighter X-2 jet successfully completes its maiden flight

Japan successfully tested the maiden flight of its first domestically developed single-pilot stealth fighter jet X-2.

With this Japan becomes fourth country in the world to have indigenous full-size stealth combat aircraft. Other three countries viz. United States, Russia and China have successfully developed and flown manned stealth jets.

Test: The prototype X-2 jet took off from Nagoya airport in central Japan. It safely landed at Gifu air base, north of Nagoya airport with no particular problems after a 25-minute flight.

About X-2 jet

  • It is jointly developed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and 200 other firms. It was built as a successor to F-2 fighter jets developed jointly with the help of US.
  • It is strategic project of the Japanese Ministry of Defense Technical Research and Development Institute (TRDI) for research purposes.
  • The aircraft is widely known in Japan as Shinshin (meaning spirit of the heart), but is not officially in use and generally its code name is used.
  • The fighter jet is 14.2 metres long, 9.1 metres wide and has wingspan of 9.099 metres.
  • It has maximum speed of mach 2.25 (2,475 Km/h) and is powered by 2 × IHI XF5-1 low-bypass turbofans.
  • It has range: 2,900 km and combat range of 761 km and ferry range of 3,200 km.
  • Its delivery to the Japanese defence ministry is expected as early as May 2016 and the acquisition will be after analysing its stealth technology capability.

Note: Stealth aircrafts are designed to avoid detection mainly by using a variety of stealth technologies. These technologies reduce emission/reflection of radar, infrared, visible light, radio-frequency (RF) spectrum and audio.

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