Japan Current Affairs - 2019
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World’s sixth biggest greenhouse gas polluter, Japan has pledged to cut emissions 26 per cent from 2013 levels by 2030 in a bid to fight calamitous global warming.
In this regard, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe led government submitted its target to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Japan’s announcement comes ahead of Climate change conference to be held in December 2015 in Paris which is aiming for international efforts to create a new frame work for addressing climate change. With this Japan became the 19th UNFCCC member party to submit a carbon-cutting pledge to the United Nations.
Other countries announcements
Unite States: Earlier in 2014, US had committed to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28 per cent cut by 2025 from 2005 levels.
European Union (EU): It also had set a target to reduce emission of 35 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
China: World’s largest emitter officially has not announced its target to reduce the greenhouse gases emissions yet, but had set a target for the country’s emissions to peak by 2030 in a joint climate announcement with US in November, 2014.
Japan’s Meiji-era (1868-1912) industrial revolution sites have received World Cultural Heritage status from United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Decision in this regard was taken during the 39th session of the World Heritage Committee chaired by Maria Bohmer in Bonn, Germany.
With this inclusion, the total Cultural sites with UNESCO World Heritage Status in Japan have increased to 15 along with 4 natural sites.
Facts about Meiji-era sites
- Location: Southwest of Japan
- Includes series of eleven properties that comprises Iron and Steel, coalmines and shipyards industries.
- Contributed in Japan’s evolution from feudalism to a successful industrialised modern economy.
- Trace the development phase of Japan’s heavy industries and its integration to Western technology along with fundamental changes in its traditional culture.
- Represents the first successful transfer of Western industrialization to a non-Western nation in 19th century.
About UNESCO World Heritage Site Status
This status granted to a places of cultural and natural significance by the UNESCO. The list of these heritage sites is part of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage which was adopted by the UNESCO’s General Conference in 1972.