Japan Current Affairs - 2020

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70th anniversary of Atomic bomb dropping on Nagasaki observed

70th anniversary of dropping of disastrous Atomic bomb on Nagasaki city of Japan was observed across the world.

A solemn ceremony including ageing survivors, relatives of victims observed and guests from 75 countries was held on the ground zero by marking a minute’s silence at 11:02 am local time at which the devastating explosion took place on August 9, 1945.

Key facts

  • The atomic bomb (powerful plutonium bomb) dubbed as ‘Fat Man’ was dropped from a US Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber named the Enola Gay on Nagasaki. This bomb killed around 70 thousand people and completely destroyed entire city.
  • The bomb was dropped on Nagasaki three days after the first atomic bomb named ‘Little Boy’ was dropped in Hiroshima on 6th August, 1945 which killed around 140,000 people and destroyed entire city.
  • The twin bombings by US were dealt as the final blows to Japan which led to its unconditional surrender on August 15, 1945, bringing an end to World War.
  • It should be noted that these nuclear bombs attack on Japanese cities, are only instance in warfare history of mankind in which nuclear weapons by any country were used against another.

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DIPP accepts ADB, JICA plans on industrial corridors

Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has given nod to Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for their conceptual development plan (CDP) report on Vizag Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC) and Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC) respectively.

Background

Vizag Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC):

On 22 April 2015, Andhra Pradesh government approved to take loan assistance from ADB for the development of proposed Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC) project. The conceptual development plan report was in pipeline to receive nod from DIPP to carry forward it’s on ground development.

VCIC is envisaged from Kolkata to Tuticorin (in Tamil Nadu) also known as East Coast Economic Corridor (ECEC). ECEC in its first phase focuses on the Vizag-Chennai section which runs from Vishakhapatnam (Vizag), Andhra Pradesh to Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

The recent report sanctioned by DIPP includes development of three industrial nodes in first phase they are; Krishnapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Tumkur( Karnataka) and Ponneri ( Tamil Nadu).

The Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC):

In 2011, India and Japan met at consensus for development of CBIC, under this Japan agreed to provide financial and technical assistance for infrastructure development in the areas between Chennai and Bengaluru.

The two countries government directed their officials concerned to speedily prepare the Comprehensive Integrated Master Plan and get it completed at the earliest.

This corridor of around 560 km is projected between Chennai and Bengaluru under DBIC which will also have its influence on states across it.

The approach to develop the CBIC is to achieve accelerated development and regional industry agglomeration in the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

It should be noted that this belt has many Japanese manufacturing companies including some small and Medium Enterprises SMEs.

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