Japan Current Affairs - 2019
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Eminent scientist and Bharat Ratna awardee Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao was conferred with Japan’s highest civilian award the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star.
He was bestowed with this award for his outstanding contributions to science and Indo-Japanese science cooperation.
Rao is a National Research Professor, Linus Pauling Research Professor.
He is also the Honorary President of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advance Scientific Research, Bengaluru and a former Chair of the Japan-India Science Council. In 2014, he was awarded with India’s highest civilian award of India Bharat Ratna along with cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar.
As a renowned scientist, he has published more than 1600 research papers and has authored about 50 books. He has been bestowed with about 70 honorary doctorates and also has received the highest civilian award from several nations.
He is also an elected member of almost all scientific academies across the globe. He also had served as Chair of the Scientific Advisory Council to Prime Ministers of India.
Japan’s state-of-the-art Magnetic levitation technology (Maglev) train has clocked a new world speed record smashing through the 603 kilometre per hour mark in a test run near Mount Fuji.
The new record has surpassed its previous record of 581 kilometre per hour which was set in 2003.
Central Japan Railway Company owns this fastest passenger train and is planning to have a train in service in 2027 on the 286-km route between Tokyo and the central city of Nagoya.
Japan had launched its first bullet train named Shinkansen in 1964. Currently, Japan has the World’s most sophisticated rail network.
By successfully testing these new train technologies, Japan is seeking to sell its Shinkansen Bullet and Maglev train systems to other countries.
How Maglev train works?
- Maglev train hovers 10 centimetres above the tracks and is propelled by electrically charged magnets which lift and moves train carriages above the rail tracks.
- This train travels along a guideway using magnets to create both lift and propulsion.
- This lift and propulsion reduces friction and allow it to attain higher speeds compared to conventional wheeled trains.