Japan Current Affairs - 2019
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Japan is believed to be one of the most seismically alive regions of the world. It is house to many active volcanoes. It thus has a very robust volcano monitoring systems and to closely look for and follow the signs of activity. The sites which show even faint signs of activity are immediately closed to hikers and general public. However, the recent eruption has broken the myth of Japanese preparedness as the eruption at Mount Ontake took everyone by surprise spewing huge clouds of gas and ash high in the skies and blanketing the area with ash.
Mount Ontake has its peak at 3,067m high and is a popular hiking route lined with lodges, cabins and delineated trails. The destination is also known for autumn foliage. It was having tourists when the eruption occurred on Saturday. Atleast 250 people were feared to be trapped in the tourist spots and along the mountain slopes. Many of them were later successful to pave their way across the thick gas clouds.
However, atleast 30 hikers have been found with cardiac arrest appearing dead near the peak of the volcano. The rescue operation has started with full swing with seven helicopters and 250 troopers alongwith police and firefighters. They helicopters have successfully plucked many people off the ash-laden peaks. The eye-witnesses have said that there was a loud thunder noise like very strong winds as the volcano erupted.
The volcano sits 210 kms west of Tokyo on the Japanese island of Honshu. It last erupted in 1979.
India’s global ranking in favouritism shown by government officials to powerful corporates has bettered sharply from 94th in the last year to 49th place this year. The Rank nevertheless, still remains far below other key economies. As per a yearly study by the World Economic Forum (WEF), India’s ranking has also bettered notably in terms of public trust in politicians.
Qatar ranked 1st and is followed by New Zealand, Singapore, Finland, UAE, the Netherlands, Japan, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland in top 10.
The study says, moreover, India has bettered its position with respect to diversion of public funds and uneven payments and bribery at government institutions. In the BRICS block, India’s position is superior than that of Russia (87th), South Africa (104th) and Brazil (108th). But, it rests far below that of China (22nd).
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