Japan Current Affairs - 2020

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Theodore VanKirk (Dutch): Last Airman in US bombing of Hiroshima passed away

Theodore VanKirk (93), also known as “Dutch,” who was the last surviving member of the crew that jettisoned an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, bringing an end of World War II and forcing the world into the atomic age, passed away in Georgia.

Though VanKirk was part of nearly 60 bombing missions, but it was this mission in the Pacific that etched his name in history. He was 24 years old when he served as navigator on the Enola Gay, the B-29 Superfortress that dropped the first atomic bomb deployed in wartime over the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. He was teamed with pilot Paul Tibbets and bombardier Tom Ferebee in Tibbets’ fledgling 509th Composite Bomb Group for Special Mission No. 13. As the 9,000-pound (4,080-kilogram) bomb nicknamed “Little Boy” fell toward the sleeping city, he and his crewmates hoped to escape with their lives. The blast and its aftereffects killed 140,000 in Hiroshima.

Three days after Hiroshima, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. The blast and its aftermath took 80,000 lives. Six days after the Nagasaki bombing, Japan surrendered.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App

India-US Malabar naval drill not aimed at containing China: US

The US has clarified that the annual India-US bilateral “Malabar” naval exercise which started in the Asia Pacific region is not aimed at containing China and that the exercise would strengthen the US naval presence in the Pacific Ocean region and maritime partnership with its allies.

The exercise this year has Japan as a special invitee. China had in the past raised objections over Japan’s taking part in the war-games held mainly between US and India. The last drill involving Japan was held in 2009. As per the US, the participating nations are working with specific training drills such as communication, search and rescue, helicopter cross deck evolutions and anti-submarine welfare.

Over 7,000 American defence personnel are participating in the exercise. The US battleships participating in the drill includes nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS George Washington, Ticonderoga-class destroyer USS Shiloh, Arleigh Burke-class destroyer John S McCain and nuclear submarine USS Columbus. P-3 Orion aircraft and MH-60R helicopters will also be part of this exercise.

India is participating with its three warships—INS Ranvijay and Shivalik along with fleet support tanker ship INS Shakti.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App