Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE), and Yoga as skill subjects in the school curriculum for academic session 2019-20.
AI will be introduced as an optional sixth subject for Class IX whereas ECCE and Yoga are being introduced as elective subjects at senior secondary level.
Rationale behind Introduction
- The circular of CBSE notes that AI in the past few years has gained geo-strategic importance and a large number of countries are striving to stay ahead with their policy initiatives to get their country ready.
- There is a huge requirement for yoga professionals and early childhood educators.
- Yoga will also teach a way of living that aims towards a healthy mind in a healthy body.
- Early Childhood Education prepares the students to teach children of nursery and kindergarten classes’ happy education or other systems of child-centric education.
Central Board of Secondary Education
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools and it is controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
The genesis of the CBSE can be traced to UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. This board was expanded in 1929 as the ‘Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. But later its jurisdiction was curtailed to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh.
In 1952, the constitution of the Board was amended and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. The actual reconstitution took place in the year 1962.
CBSE conducts the final exams for Class 10 and Class 12 every year, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), Central Teacher Eligibility Test (twice a year) UGC’s National Eligibility Test (twice a year) and the entrance test for Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.
Tags: AI • Artificial Intelligence • CBSE • Central Board of Secondary Education • Early Childhood Care Education • ECCE • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test • National Eligibility Test • NEET • UGC • Yoga
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved opening of one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) in each of the 62 uncovered districts.
These JNVs will provide good quality modern education to the talented children prominently from rural areas. Nearly 35,000 students will be benefitted from these JNVs.
- The expenditure for this purpose during the 12th Plan will be 109.53 crore rupees with a spill over amount of 2,761.56 crore rupees from 2017-18 to 2024-25.
- All JNVs are residential and co-educational in nature. It is compulsory for all the staff and students to reside in the Vidyalaya campus.
- These 62 new JNVs will provide direct permanent employment to 2914 individuals. They will also generate opportunities to the local vendors for supply of essential commodities.
- It will also create large opportunity for local service providers such as tailor cobbler, barber, manpower for housekeeping and security services etc.
- There are 598 sanctioned JNVs in 576 districts spread across 35 States/UTs as on date. Out of these, 591 are functional.
- Each JNV has classes from VI to XII with a sanctioned strength of 80 students per class and total strength of 560 students. One third of the total seats are reserved for girls.
- Admissions to JNVs in class VI are done through an entrance examination. At least 75% of the seats in a district are filled by candidates selected from rural areas of the district.
- The reservation of seats in favour of children belonging to SC/ST is provided in proportion to their population in the concerned district.
- However this reservation is subject to the condition that it is not less than the national reservation percentage (15% for SC and 7.5% for ST).