Jews Current Affairs - 2019

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Good Friday Observed on 19th April

The Christian community is observing Good Friday on April 19 to commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ on Calvary. Good Friday is also referred to as Black Friday, Great Friday, Easter Friday or Holy Friday. Good Friday coincides with the beginning of the Jewish festival of Passover.

Significance of the Day

Even though the term Good Friday is not present in the Holy Bible, the Christian religious text portrays the story of how Jesus was betrayed by Judas which led to his arrest.

Jesus was beaten by the Roman soldiers after being nailed to a cross which he was asked to carry to his site of the crucifixion. Even though the term ‘Good’ associated with Good Friday is a contradiction to the events of this day, people believe that the term is associated with the words ‘pious or holy’.

Good Friday is followed by Easter Sunday, the day on which Jesus was resurrected from death.

Month: Categories: Art & CultureUPSC

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Gujarat Government grants religious minority status to Jews

Gujarat Government has granted religious minority status to Jews living in the state. In this regard, State’s Department of Social Justice and Empowerment has issued GR to this effect. Gujarat is third state in India to grant religious minority status to Jews after West Bengal and Maharashtra.

Key Facts

As religious minority members professing faith of Judaism, Jews in the states will get religious minority rights envisaged in Constitution of India and various acts and rules of the state government. They will also get benefits of welfare schemes formulated for religious minority communities within the jurisdiction of Gujarat.

Background

Gujarat has small Jewish community with no more than 170 members and majority of them located in Ahmedabad. Chief Minister Vijay Rupani, during his official visit to Israel in June 2018, had announced that his government was in the process of granting religious minority status to the community. Gujarat also had hosted Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during his six-day India visit in January 2018.

Judaism

Judaism is one of the oldest religions of the world, evolved in Egypt about 3,700 years ago. It believes in the unity and oneness of universal Creator. Judaism is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people. Jews have been living in India for over 2,000 years ever since they first landed on West coast of India. Indian Jews are known as a peace-loving community. They follow Hebrew calendar. They have special thanks giving ceremony known as Eliyahoo-ha-Nabior i.e. ‘gratitude to Elijah the Prophet’, on festive occasions.

Indian Jews fall into five categories

Bene Israel – meaning Children of Israel. Marathi speaking. Arrived in Maharashtra 2,100 years ago.

Cochin Jews – arrived in India 2,500 years ago and settled down in Kerala as traders.

Baghdadi Jews – Jews who came to India as traders from West Asia, mainly from Baghdad. They are settled mainly in Mumbai, Pune and Kolkata.

Bene Menashe – The Manipur Jews constitute a community which sees itself as descendants of the Manasseh (Menashe) Tribe (which is one of the 10 lost tribes of Jews).

Bene Ephraim – also called “Telugu Jews”. They are a small group who speak Telugu. Their observance of Judaism dates to 1981.

Month: Categories: States

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