Joint Military Exercise Current Affairs - 2020

Exercise Pitch Black Cancelled

The biennial warfare exercise hosted by Royal Australian Air Force was cancelled due to COVID-19 threats.

Exercise Pitch Black

The main aim of the exercise is to practice Defensive Counter Air combat and Offensive Counter Air Combat. The exercise is held in Northern Australia. The first pitch black exercise took place in June 1981.

History

In 1990, the exercise began its training including Singapore. Later on, slowly, it began to spread to other international forces.

2006

In 2006, for the first time, more countries participated in the exercise. It included Thailand, Singapore, UK, US and Australia.

2008

In 2008, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization also joined the exercise. The NATO was formed in 1949. It is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries.

2010

In 2010, New Zealand, Singapore and Thailand alone were the participants. The exercise was then held in 2012, 2014, 2016 and also in 2018.

India in the exercise

In 2018, India participated in the exercise for the first time. Around 131 aircraft were involved and more than 4,000 personnel participated in the exercise. This also included Canada, France, Australia, Germany, Netherlands, Indonesia, Thailand, US, Malaysia.

India-Australia

The bilateral and defence relations between India and Australia has gone up in the recent years. The countries jointly hold AUSINDEX, naval exercise with more than 1000 personnel participating in the exercise.

The countries are planning to sign Mutual Logistics Support Agreement that has been pending for a long time. The Maritime Domain Awareness agreement is also under discussion between the two countries.

SAMPRITI-IX: India-Bangladesh Joint Military Exercise to be held in Meghalaya

A Joint Military Exercise between India and Bangladesh is to be held at Umroi, Meghalaya between 3rd February, 2020 and 16th February, 2020. The exercise is called “SAMPRITI”

Highlights

During the joint exercise, Command Post Exercise and Field Training Exercise is to be conducted according to United Nations Charter. The troops of both the armies will also practice Counter Terrorist operation.

India-Bangladesh Defence Cooperation

In 2017, India and Bangladesh signed defence agreements in order to conduct military exercises. India since then has been assisting Bangladesh in training their officers.

In October 2019, the countries signed MoU on coastal surveillance system. The MoU also included a Standard Operating Procedure for operating the ports of Chattogram and Mongola. Apart from this, it allowed India to use 1.82 cusec of water from Feni river of Bangladesh.

Other Exercises

The first ever India-Bangladesh Naval exercise was conducted in Vishakhaptnam in October 2019. The Bangladesh Naval Ships also participated in CORPAT before arriving to Vizag for the joint Naval Exercise.

CORPAT is Coordinated Patrol. This will help both the countries to replenish security in the Bay of Bengal Region and also in the Indian Ocean Region.