K. Sivan Current Affairs - 2020

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Tamil Nadu honours ISRO Chief with Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Award

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan, was awarded Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award by Tamil Nadu government. He was awarded in recognition of his stellar work in promotion of science and technology.

About K. Sivan

Education: He is a native of Kanniyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. The 62-year-old space scientist got a Bachelor’s degree in engineering from Madras Institute of Technology in 1980. Completing his Master’s degree in aerospace engineering from Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru, he later joined ISRO.

He is known popularly known as ‘Rocket Man’.

He has served as director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre and Liquid Propulsion Centre. He was chief architect of SITARA, a 6D trajectory simulation software.

He has worked on design and development of ISRO’s launch vehicles and has huge contribution towards end to end mission planning, design, and mission integration and analysis.

Under his leadership

Historical achievement of most successful GSLV flight with indigenous cryogenic stage was made.

ISRO successfully launched its Chandrayaan-2 mission, India’s 2nd mission to the moon.

Awards: He is recipient of several awards including Dr Vikram Sarabhai Research Award (1999).

About Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award

Following the death of former President A P J Abdul Kalam in 2015, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, late J Jayalalithaa, had then announced an award in his name. She had also announced Dr Kalam’s birthday (October 15) to be observed as-Youth Renaissance Day.

The Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award is conferred upon those who work for promoting scientific growth, humanities and students’ welfare. The awardees should hail from Tamil Nadu.

Prize: It carries 8 gm gold medal, Rs.5 lakh in cash and a citation. It is given on Independence Day every year.

First Recipient: 1st Kalam award was presented by Jayalalithaa in 2015 to ISRO scientist N Valarmathi.

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Fact Sheet: India to have its own Space Station

K. Sivan, Chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) recently announced that the country is planning to launch its own space station and modalities for it will be worked out after Gaganyaan Mission (India’s maiden manned mission to space).

Key Highlights

Mastering Technology: Although ISRO made announcement of space station recently but it has been quietly working on a key technology such as space docking & berthing technology for which it has also got Rs.10 crore sanctioned earlier. Once the agency will master this technology it will help join two separate free-flying space vehicles and also transfer materials and humans from one another that will enable this future space station and is also the key for a space station.

Extension: India’s space station project will be an extension of Gaganyaan Mission, which involves sending three Indian astronauts to space for 7 days in lower earth orbit (of 120-400 km). The government has already approved a cost of Rs.10,000 crore for Gaganyaan mission. Before the maiden flight with crew sometime in August 2022, there would be two unmanned (without crew) flights from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

The detailed project report on setting up India’s space station will also be submitted to government after Gaganyaan.

No Collaboration: India will not be collaborating with any other country for its space station project. United States (US), Russia, China and a consortium of nations that own the International Space Station (ISS) are the only countries that have had space stations so far. After its successful launch India would become 4th country to launch a space station.

Features:

The proposed space station is anticipated to weigh about 20 tonnes, it would be placed in an orbit 400 km above earth and will serve as a facility where astronauts can stay for upto 15-20 days in space.

India is targeting 2030 as the date to launch country’s space station which will most likely be used to conduct microgravity experiments.

It is one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken by India.

What is a space station?

It is a spacecraft that designed to remain in space for an extended period of time and can be used for other spacecraft to dock as well as capable of supporting crew members, the most commonly known being the International Space Station (ISS).

International Space Station: It is a habitable artificial satellite in low earth orbit (LEO). It is the largest human-made body in LEO that completes multiple orbits around Earth every day thus can often be seen with the naked eye from Earth. Its first component was launched into orbit in 1998 and since then it has been inhabited continuously.

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