Kandhamal Haldi Current Affairs - 2020

Kandhamal Haldi earns Geographical indication (GI) tag

Kandhamal Haldi a variety of turmeric indigenous to southern Odisha earns Geographical indication (GI) tag.

Kandamal Haldi

  • Kandhamal in Odisha’s southern hinterland is famous for its turmeric cultivation, a spice that enjoys its pride of place in an array of cuisines.
  • Kandhamal Haldi has more oleoresin and volatile oil contents compared to other turmeric varieties.
  • Kandhamal Haldi gives strong aroma and has a high medicinal value.

Geographical Indication

Geographical Indication defines the goods as originating in the territory of a country or a region or locality in that territory, provided a given quality reputation or other characteristics of the product are attributable to its geographical origin. The product to acquire GI tag has to indicate that a product of a particular origin has a certain quality or reputation or some other characteristics, which is essentially attributable to its geographical origin.

The GI tag in India is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999 and is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is the Registrar of Geographical Indications and functions under the auspices of the Union ministry of commerce & industry.

Odisha’s Kandhamal Haldi to get GI tag

Odisha’s Kandhamal Haldi (turmeric) will soon get Geographical Indications (GI) tag. It is a few steps away from receiving this tag. Its registration was moved by Kandhamal Apex Spices Association for Marketing and was accepted under sub-section (1) of Section 13 of Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. Kandhamal Haldi is famous for its healing properties. It is main cash crop of tribal people in Kandhamal. Apart from domestic use, it is also used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes.

Geographical Indication (GI)

GI tag is name or sign used on certain products which correspond to specific geographical location or origin. It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods having special quality and established reputation. The purpose of GI tag enables stakeholders to authenticate their production while earning a premium and derive an improved livelihood.

The goods and products having tag are recognised for their origin, quality and reputation and gives it required edge in global market. It also ensures that none can use their name, giving them exclusivity. The registration of GI is valid for 10 years after which it needs to be renewed. Violation of GI tags is punishable offence under law.

GI is covered as element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property. At international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). In India, GI tag Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999 governs it. This Act is administered by Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also Registrar of Geographical Indications and is based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.