Kargil War Current Affairs - 2020

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India Russia to sign MoUs on AK-203 assault rifles

The Indian Army will sign MoU with Russia to procure AK-203 assault rifles. According to the deal, around 1 lakh rifles are to be received directly from Russia and the rest will be manufactured in India


The rifles will be manufactured at Korwa in Uttar Pradesh by a joint Venture (JV) called Indo-Russian Rifles Private Limited (IRRPL). Of the JV, 50.5% is to be owned by India and 49.5% by Russia.

Current Status

Apart from the AK-203 rifles, the Indian army recently received the first batch of 10,000 SIG-716 assault rifles from US. The contract was signed in February 2019. The plan is to provide the high cost SIGs to the front-line troops and the remaining forces will be armed with AK-203 rifles. Currently Indian army is using indigenous INSAS (Indian National Small Arms System) rifles and is looking for ways to replace them.


INSAS is a light machine gun that is currently being manufactured at Ordnance Factory Trichy, Ishapore Arsenal and Kanpur. It was adopted in 1990. The rifles were widely used during Kargil war. There were complaints of jamming and cracking of the rifles in high altitudes of Himalayas. Similar complaints were also reported by the Nepalese army during the 2005 Maoists clash.

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MiG 27 Retire: Last Squadron of fighter jet Decommissioned

The MiG-27, which is known to NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as the ‘Flogger’ and to Indian Air Force (IAF) as ‘Bahadur’, flew its last sortie in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. After this flight, IAF bid adieu to its squadron of seven aircraft as all were decommissioned. The last MiG-27 unit to operate the jet, Number 29 Squadron, bid farewell to jet in Jodhpur Air Base where the aircraft participated in a flypast.

About MiG-27

The ace attacker was commissioned into Indian Air Force in 1985 and remained an integral part of Indian Air Force’s combat strength since then. The lethal aircraft, for their role during the 1999 Kargil War, earned the nickname ‘Bahadur’ from IAF pilots.

The swing-wing fighter has been the backbone of IAF’s ground-attack fleet for several decades. The upgraded variant of this last swing-wing fighter fleet has been pride of IAF strike fleet since 2006. All other variants, like MiG-23 BN and MiG-23 MF and pure MiG-27 have already retired from IAF.

This fleet earned its glory in historic Kargil conflict between India and Pakistan, when it delivered rockets and bombs with accuracy on enemy positions. It actively participated in ‘Operation Parakram’.

Reason for Decommissioning: For 35 years, MiG-27, a curiously designed fighter-bomber has been at forefront of IAF’s attack fleet. However, while MiG-27 had been backbone of IAF for the past three decades, the jets were also infamous for routine accidents throughout their career with Indian Air Force. In three decades plus of operations, at least a squadron’s strength (18 aircraft) are thought to have been lost with several fatal injuries to pilots. Two MiG-27s have been lost in crashes this year alone.

The Number 29 Squadron

The Squadron was raised on 10 March 1958, at Air Force Station Halwara with Ouragan (Toofani) aircraft. Over the years, Squadron has been equipped with numerous types of fighters like MiG-21 Type 77, MiG-21 Type 96, MiG-27 ML and MiG-27 upgrade. It is the only unit in IAF operating MiG-27 upgrades. The upgraded version has also participated in numerous national and international exercises, because because of its survivability.

As all seven aircraft of this squadron were decommissioned on 27 December 2019 from Jodhpur Air Base, the squadron itself is supposed to be ‘number-plated’ in March 2020 whereby it will cease to operate for the moment.

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