Kargil War Current Affairs - 2020

July 26: Kargil Vijay Diwas

On July 26, 2020, India marked Kargil Vijay Diwas. The Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh paid tribute at National War Memorial. The day marks India’s victory over Pakistan in the Kargil war.

Highlights

On July 26, 1999, Indian Government culminated “Operation Vijay” and declared victory after three-month long battle in Kargil.

Kargil War

The Kargil War is an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place along Line of Control. India used its air power on a large scale for the first time in Kargil war after India-Pakistan War in 1971. Kargil is located very close to Line of Control.

Operation Vijay

The operation was launched by the Indian Army twice in Indian history. The first Operation Vijay was launched in 1961 that led to the capture of Goa, Anjediva islands and Daman and Diu. The second operation was launched in 1999. Both the operations were of huge success. However, the Kargil Vijay Diwas is marked on the culmination of Kargil war.

Operation White Sea

The operation White Sea was also launched during Kargil war, 1999. During the operation, Indian Air Force jointly acted with India Army to flush out regular and irregular troops of the Pakistani army.

Light Combat Helicopter Production inaugurated in HAL Bengaluru

On February 27, 2020, the Defence Minister Raj Nath Singh inaugurated Light combat Helicopter production at the HAL complex in Bengaluru. The project is a part of the “Make in India” initiative.

Light Combat Helicopters

The Light Combat Helicopters (LCH) were completely designed by HAL. It has 2 engines and several latest technical features. The helicopters are to be deployed at the Siachen base which is 4,700 metres above the sea level. It has the capacity to carry 500 kg of load.

Significance

India has been taking several steps to strengthen the Indian Air Force and also to increase Defence Exports. India has set a target of achieving Rs 35,000 crores of Defence Exports by 2024. Manufacturing of the Light Combat Helicopter will help India achieving the above goals.

Background

The need for the production of Light Combat Helicopters came from Kargil war. The LCH is a derivative of HAL Dhruv that was developed during 1990s.