Kazakhstan Current Affairs
The second conference on PHC inaugurated on 25 October 2018 in Astana, Kazakhstan. The conference is a collective initiative of Government of Kazakhstan, WHO and UNICEF.
Highlights of the event
- The conference took place in the memory of 40 years of Alma Ata Declaration on Primary health care. (Alma Ata Declaration was adopted at international conference on primary health care held in Kazakhstan in 1978).
- The conference will be held in the palace of Independence in Astana.
- The main aim is to achieve Universal Health Coverage and Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
- Astana declaration: Not just the health but affordable health for all.
- The theme of the conference is : “The future of Primary Health Care”
WHO: It is a UN specialized agency established on April 1948 with an aim of providing health care to the member countries and underdeveloped countries.
Primary Health Care
PHC is the essential health care that makes affordable universal health care accessible to all the individuals of the community. It is not only the primary health care but the low cost health care for the poor and marginalized people. It is a inclusive and people-centered health care model. Primary health care is essential to the health care. It is essential to the success and sustainability of the healthcare system. It is essential to achieve sustainable development goals.
In India, the recent initiative of AAYUSHMAN BHARAT is a step in improving primary health care with establishing health and wellness centers all around the country and providing health insurance. Community health workers and ASHA workers are also involved in the task of improving primary health care of the country.
Being the first access point of the medical care to the needy primary health care and being the foundation of all the health care services there is an urgent need to strengthen the PHC in 21st century.
The seventh meeting of education ministers of member states of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) was held in Astana, capital city of Kazakhstan. The meeting was organised with assistance of Kazakhstan Government and its Ministry of Education and Science, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Rector’s Office of University of SCO (USCO).
Participants in the meeting included education ministers from India, Kazakhsta, China, Kyrgyzisthan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. India was represented by Minister of State (MoS) Human Resource Development Satyapal Singh. During the meeting, heads of delegations focused on ensuring implementation of agreements reached in June 2018 at Qingdao SCO Heads of State Council summit, with aim of further expanding bilateral and multilateral cooperation as regards exchanges of lecturers and students, joint research projects, academic visits, language studies, professional education and youth exchanges.
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
SCO is Eurasian economic, political and security organisation headquartered in Beijing, China. The declaration on establishment of SCO was singed in Shanghai (China) in June 2001 by six founding states – Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
The main objective of SCO is military cooperation between members. It also works towards intelligence-sharing, counter-terrorism operations in Central Asia. It is primarily centred on its member nations’ Central Asian security-related concerns, often describing main threats it confronts as being terrorism, separatism and extremism.
The full members of the organization are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan were granted SCO membership in June 2017. Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia currently enjoy observer status of SCO. Sri Lanka, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia and Nepal are dialogue partners of SCO.