Kaziranga National Park Current Affairs - 2020

Financial Assistance to Kaziranga National Park under CAMPA

On March 2, 2020, a Rajya Sabha Member of the ruling party replied about the financial assistance being provided to the Kaziranga National Park, Assam

Highlights

The Rajya Sabha MP Kamakhya Prasad Tasa said that Rs 94,46,585 and Rs 51,24,670 were sanctioned for Kaziranga National Park during the financial years 2018-19 and 2019-20. The funds were sanctioned under CAMPA. Apart from this, funds were also transferred under Project Tiger Scheme and Development of Wildlife Habitat Scheme

What were the steps taken withe funds?

The Assam Government has used the allocated fund to deploy Special Rhino Protection Force, Assam Forest Protection Force, Home Guards and front line forest staff. Many platforms and highlands have been constructed in the park. This helps the animals to stay safe during floods. Anti-poaching camps have been organized. Several smart technologies like “Electronic Eye” have been adopted.

The above steps were taken by the Assam State Government with the help of funds allocated

CAMPA

CAMPA is Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority. It was established in 2001 and is governed through CAMPA act.

Background

In 2003, the Supreme Court noticed that funds collected for afforestation were underutilized by the states. Therefore, the apex court set up CAMPA to manage the fund. Later in 2015, the act was constituted to regulate the afforestation funds.

Kaziranga National Park: Special Rhino Protection Force deployed

An 82-member Special Rhino Protection Force which is trained to combat poachers and understand animal behaviour was recently deployed in Kaziranga National Park (KNP).

About Special Rhino Protection Force

Background: The process of setting up special force was initiated in 2015. In July 2018 members recruited were given appointment letter after which they were trained at Forest Guard School in eastern Assam’s Makum. All recruits also underwent weapons training at 9th Assam Police Battalion in Nagaon district of Assam.

SRPF: Basically SRPF is a tiger protection force that was named after the rhino since threat of poaching is more for one-horned herbivore.

Raised by: This Special Force has been raised by initiative of both central as well as state governments so as to control rhino poaching in tiger reserve. The state government of Assam would be paying salaries of SRPF members and amount would be reimbursed by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), which recommended setting up of this special force.

Members: It consists of 82 personnel among whom eight are women. Out of 82 SRPF personnel, 60 have been assigned ranges under Eastern Assam Wildlife Division on southern bank of river Brahmaputra.

Task: SRPF personnel will be posted under 8 ranges of Kaziranga National Park (KNP) to control rhino poaching as well as protecting striped cat (tiger poaching) since Kaziranga is also a tiger reserve.

About Kaziranga National Park

Background: The 430 sq.km national park is located in Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. In 1968 it was given National Park status and in 1985 it was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) for its unique natural environment.

Known for: It is home to World’s largest population of One Horned Rhinoceros i.e. about 68%. The one-horned rhinoceroses are listed as vulnerable on IUCN Red list of Threatened Species. It is also recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species.

It encompasses 8 ranges under two wildlife divisions: (1) Eastern Assam and (2) Biswanath along the river Brahmaputra.