Kaziranga National Park Current Affairs

Northeast India’s first elephant hospital established at Kaziranga National Park

Northeast India’s first exclusive hospital for elephants has been established at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam.

The hospital was set up at Mark Shand Memorial Learning Centre in Kaziranga National Park. It was inaugurated by Sir Evelyn de Rothschild who is founding patron of the UK-based charity Elephant Family.

About Kaziranga National Park

  • It is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam and is circumscribed by the Brahmaputra River.
  • It was designated with National Park status in 1968 and was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 for its unique natural environment.
  • The park hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses which are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species.
  • It is also home to large breeding populations of tigers, elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
  • Kaziranga is also recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species.


Great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros’ population rises in Kaziranga: 2015 Census

As per the latest census, the Great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros population in Assam’s Kaziranga National Park (KNP) – world heritage site has increased to over 2401.

The census was conducted by Assam’s forest department in association with several wildlife NGOs as a regular exercise in the park for four days from 24 to 28 March 2015.

Entire Park was divided into 81 blocks for the purpose of census and the whole exercise involved about 200 people.

Key highlights of census

  • The census has counted 2,401 rhinos in the park in indicating that their population has increased by 71 rhinos the past two years.
  • About 1,651 adult rhinos were counted in the census followed by 294 sub adult rhinos.
  • 251 juvenile rhinos in the park were estimated followed by 205 calves.

Previous census

  • It should be noted that Rhino census is conducted every three years. The last census was carried out in 2012. It had confirmed 2,290 rhinos in the park.
  • However, a special census of the rhinos was conducted in 2013 by Assam Government. The special census had confirmed 2,329 rhinos in the park.
  • It was conducted after the poaching incidents had increased in the park and large numbers of rhinos were poached.