Kenya Current Affairs

First malaria vaccine to be tested in Kenya, Ghana and Malawi in 2018

The World Health Organization has announced that it is ready to test the first malaria vaccine in the real world setting in 2018. The aim of the testing will be to ascertain whether the vaccine will work under real world circumstances or not. Kenya, Ghana and Malawi have been chosen for taking part in the pilot project.

The vaccine, RTS,S, also known as Mosquirix, was produced by GlaxoSmithKline in 1987 in a public-private partnership with the PATH Malaria Initiative and with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. In 2015, the vaccine received approval from the European Medicines Agency (EMA).

For the next four years (2017-2021), the vaccine will be administered to children between 5 and 17 months in Kenya, Ghana and Malawi. The vaccine will be given four times and will be administered by an intramuscular injection.

The RTS, S vaccine works by targeting the liver phase of the malaria parasite’s life cycle as the parasite multiplies inside the liver after getting introduced into the body by a mosquito bite. It has taken about 30 years for the creation of the vaccine to the approval of pilot programme in 2017. Only five species of Plasmodium parasite spread malarial parasite worldwide.

Need

According to WHO, malaria kills one child every two minutes and has killed 429,000 people in 2015. According to the WHO World Malaria Report 2016, Nigeria suffers most malaria deaths worldwide (26%), followed by the Democratic Republic of Congo (10%), India (6%), and Mali (5%). African continent suffers the most mosquito-borne ailments and there still exists gaps in prevention coverage as many people in sub-Saharan Africa lack access to mosquito protection like bed nets or bug spray.

 

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Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge wins 2016 Delhi Half Marathon

Kenya’s Olympic marathon champion Eliud Kipchoge has won the men’s race in Delhi Half Marathon. Ethiopia’s Worknesh Degefa won the women’s title.

It was ninth edition of Delhi Half Marathon. Over 34 thousand participants from across the world had participated in it. 13 Rio Olympians took part in the elite race category.

The marathon also had featured some of the biggest track and field and distance runners, with a total of 25 men and 18 women athletes from country.

Winners

Men’s title

  • Eliud Kipchoge won the race by clocking 59 minutes and 44 seconds to cover the 21.097km distance. Ethiopia’s Yigrem Demelash came second and Kenya’s Augustine Choge was third.

Women’s title

  • Ethiopia’s Worknesh Degefa won the women’s title by clocking one hour, seven minutes and 42 seconds. Ethiopia’s Ababel Yeshaneh came second and Helah Kiprop of Kenya was third.

Indian elite men’s category

  • Lakshmanan won the race by clocking his Personal Best of 1 hour 04 minutes and 37 seconds. M D Yunus came second and Man Singh third.

Indian womens category

  • Monika Athare won the race by clocking her Personal Best of 1 hour 15 minutes and 34 seconds. Sanjeevani Jadhav came second and Swati Athare third.

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