Kerala Current Affairs - 2019

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India-Netherland: “Water 4 change”, an urban water management system

The Centre for Water Resources Development and Management (CWRDM), operating under the Government of Kerala has launched the “Water 4 Change”. Under the project, six prominent institutions from Netherlands will perform a long-term research and field level action on urban water management systems along with Indian scientists.

Highlights

The project will bring solutions for water problems in the cities of Kozhikode, Shimla, Bhuj and Bhopal. The project will address issues related to sanitary engineering, governance, urban planning, ecology, hydrology and economics in water handling.

CWRDM

The CWRDM was established by the Government of Kerala to cater the needs of research and development in water management of the state. The institution deals with environmental issues, drainage issues, water quality management and wet land management in the state

Kerala water resources

The state of Kerala being fed by the South West Monsoon is rich in water. There are around 44 rivers in the state. The average rainfall of the state is 3000 mm. However, due to poor water management the state faces water scarcity in certain regions.

The forest cover in the state was 50% in 1900. It has now depleted to 27% in 2018. Several districts in Kerala are facing water scarcity. It includes Kozhikode, Thiruvanathapuram. Also, the state fails to save water during the flooding season (June-September).

State Formation Day celebrated by Several States

Eight Indian States namely Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh celebrated their formation day in November 1, 2019. PM Modi and President Ram Nath Kovind and several other leaders wished the states for their prosperity.

The day is celebrated as “Rajyotsav” by the state of Karnataka every year.

There are 28 states and 9 Union Territories in India as on November 2, 2019.

Kerala

Kerala was created on November 1, 1956. Prior to its formation it was three independent provinces namely Malabar, Travancore and Cochin. It got its name from its first ruler Keralian Thamboran.

Chattisgarh

The state of Chattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 2000. It is the 10th largest state in India. The step was taken for easy administration and also to reduce naxalism in the region. There are about 25 million people living in Chattisgarh.

Haryana

The state of Haryana was carved out of Punjab on November 1, 1966. The state was a boon to the country as it led the Green Revolution movement in terms of crop output.

Punjab

The movement led by the Akali Dal resulted in the formation of Punjabi-majority Punjab state, Union Territory of Chandigarh and Haryanvi-Hindi majority Haryana state. The formation of the state dates back to the Punjabi suba movement in the 1950s

Madhya Pradesh

The State of Madhya Pradesh was formed on November 1, 1956. It is the second largest state of India in terms of area and is the sixth largest populous state.

Tamil Nadu

For the first time since its formation Tamil Nadu is celebrating its formation day. It was formed based on the Linguistic Reorganization of States in 1956.

Odisha was the first state to be formed on linguistic basis.